The origin of the names of monetary units

It is not by chance, among other things: ancestors of modern humans were very attentive to the choice of location for certain activities. Here and in this case it was considered that Juno, in addition to their duties mentor, patroness of women, marriage defender was also the goddess of the exchange.

But how funny: there were that kind of money for the first time in Asia Minor Lydia (VIII-VII centuries BC.) And Greece, on the island of Aegina (VII century BC.), And on the century and millennium rooted for them Latin name!

In ancient Greece, the queen of the gods name is known to the Hero. Incidentally, this name is also immortalized in the monetary system of ancient times. The Jews Gera was one-twelfth of the monetary unit called the "shekel" and a tenth of the other - lords, who was a half shekel svyatilischnogo. However, if you go to the Scriptures, we can find four namesakes of this goddess, and only among the male characters: the so-called one of those who moved to Egypt with Jacob; Judge Ehud's father was also called hero as a parent of Semei Bakurima, and one of the sons of Ehud.

And yet there are mentioned coin - talents that in the monetary system of the ancient Jews were of two kinds: the sacred and folk. Holy (svyatilischny) talent was equal to three hundred shekels, and People - 4, 29. Bible Encyclopedia tells us that in terms of our money is about 2 rubles 58 kopecks, but here it is necessary to take into account exchange rate fluctuations.

But not only in Judea were circulated talents (the word is a Greek-Latin, derived from the Greek talanton, Latin Talentum, which translates as scales, scales). They were common in Egypt, Greece, Rome and Asia Minor. On the reform of Solon (VI century BC.) Is one talent contained more than 26 kg of silver. Here and compare it with the current two and a half rublinmi!

That parable of the buried talent Bible, known to many, as well as that "make a contribution" - from there, from the Bible. But if talent was weighty, the mite, on the contrary, was the smallest coin. In Greek leptón, lepta just means thin, small. In the Jewish monetary system it is equal to about a quarter of the current penny. But in Greece still used today, making a hundredth of a drachma (in this country uses coins in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 50 mites).


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