As mentioned in many novels and stories of Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes lived in London on Becker Street, 221B. At this address, the name of Sherlock Holmes still continues to receive numerous letters. Earlier in the firm Abbey National, located at this address even existed Officer for processing letters of Sherlock Holmes. Subsequently address "Baker Street, 221B» was officially assigned to the house, which houses a museum of Sherlock Holmes in the form of his apartment (despite the fact that this had upset the order of numbering the houses on the street, because in fact it is the home of 239).
On the creation of an image of Sherlock Holmes Conan Doyle inspired his colleague - Dr. Joseph Bell, who worked at the Royal Edinburgh Hospital. Among other things, Bell features the ability to make subtle inferences from the smallest observations. In the stories of Sherlock Holmes Conan Doyle described the many methods of criminology, which at that time were unknown to the police. After the release of the works of Conan Doyle deductive method was used by criminologists worldwide. In the early XX century, the criminal police of Egypt introduced the works of the writer in the compulsory program exam for investigators.
Sherlock Holmes is a special Deerstalker. About it nothing is written in the text, it came up with the first illustrator of stories about Holmes Sidney Paget, who himself during a country holiday wore similar headgear. While this hat was worn only in the countryside. The town has the usual Holmes hat with a brim. The phrase "Elementary, my dear Watson!", Which we are accustomed to associate with Sherlock Holmes, was never found in the original Conan Doyle books. It came up in one of the theater based on the books about Holmes, where she immediately migrated to the movies.
Holmes adventures are the literary work to film in the history of mankind. Currently there are almost 300 official adaptations. The writer believed his stories and frivolous once decided to "kill" his hero. After the publication of the story "The Final Problem" it rained a heap of angry letters and the detective had to "resurrect". Five Soviet films about Holmes, starring in which performed Vasily Livanov and Vitaly Solomin were recognized by the British among the best productions. The museum in Baker Street even plays music by Vladimir Dashkevich written for these films. February 23, 2006 Livanov was awarded the Order of the British Empire.
Actor Vasily Livanov, who played Sherlock Holmes and voiced Carlson, Crocodile Gena and many other multgeroya, known by the characteristic timbre of the voice, but it was not always. Livanov lost the initial vote during the filming of his film debut in "Unsent Letter", directed by actors which made the live voice the scene of fire in the forest in the forty-degree frost. Her voice came back a few days later, but with a new, well-known to us timbre. Chukovskij roots, edit most of the canonical works of Russian translations of Holmes, spoke of them as "polubezdarnoy trifling matter." The prototype of Dr. Watson was a real Doctor Watson, who lived in Baker Street. Conan Doyle had treated his teeth.
At the moment of the highest popularity of books about Holmes in London had a booming private detective bureau - weekly open all new. In 2007, the New Zealand Mint issued a commemorative series of four silver coins dedicated to the anniversary of the book was published. The reverse of each coin depicts the main characters of "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" by Soviet actors: Livanov and Solomin, Mikhalkov and others.