Already in the first half of the 20th century in the hospitals and clinics have begun to actively implement a variety of instruments which should become an integral part of the diagnostic and treatment process.
Scientists and doctors have experimented with different, sometimes very strange medical devices and instruments, which at times looked intimidating and even now may horrify the average patient. Judge for yourself:
1. Preceded by positron emission tomography, developed by the Department of Instrumentation at Brookhaven National Laboratory, studying the brain.
2. Increased model human eye, which is controlled by two small motorchikami. It was created by researchers Department of Aviation Medicine.
3. Personal pressure chamber Winston Churchill, in which he could make flights at high altitude in complete safety.
4. Three plastic dummy filled with a solution of sodium chloride, which are used to measure the level of radioactivity.
5. The Chair of electroconvulsive therapy in the treatment of the psychoneuroses the officers of the First World War.
6. The artificial kidney (1950).
7. Toy horse for X-ray images of children.
8. An apparatus for stimulating blood circulation in the legs.
9. Wright Lenhem Chemist in the laboratory of Los Alamos with a plastic dummy, which he used for experiments to measure the effects of radiation on human.
10. electroretinograms: This medical device has been designed to measure the electric potential of the retina.
11. A woman inside the electric bath at the Institute of Light Care (1900).
12. The first electrocardiograph, presented by Cambridge Scientific Instruments.
13. A woman in a mask during a flu epidemic, which broke out after the First World War (1919).
14. Children around the UV lamp at the Institute of radiation therapy.
15. Measuring brain activity with an electroencephalograph (1940).
16. The portable respirator, or "iron lungs", designed for ambulatory patients (1955).
17. Dr. G. Byford stands under optokinetic drum, wearing lenses with tiny lights during an experiment to study the reflex eye movements and their relationship with visual illusions in the Institute of Aviation Medicine in Farnborough (1960).
18. The costume of the wires used to measure body temperature when exposed to high velocities during space flight (1960).
19. Installation for cobalt cancer therapy, rotating around the patient (1955).
20. The doctor adjusts the trajectory of the beam X-ray machine in the 2 million volts for deep therapy used to treat cancer patients in Francis Delafield Hospital in New York.
21. Exposure of cobalt "bomb" in one of the Parisian clinics.
22. Medical device installed in 1955 in a hospital in Oak Ridge, use a source of radioactive cesium-137 to destroy diseased tissue, emitting a maximum dose of radiation to the malignant site and minimizing the impact on the body's healthy tissues.