Secrets "Iceman"

"Iceman" Oetzi, or Ötzi - the ice mummy of ancient man, discovered in 1991 in the Tyrolean Alps on a glacier Similaun in the Ötz Valley at an altitude of 3200 meters. Age mummy determined by the radiocarbon method, is about 5300 years. Currently, scientists continue to study the mummies.






Hand "ice man" lying on the sterile foil.




Dutch artists Adrie and Alfons Kennys used the results of 3-D-scan skeleton "ice man" to recreate its full-size copy. Scientists initially believed that Oetzi's eyes were blue, the latest DNA testing confirmed that his eyes were brown.




Shoes "Iceman" on the glass model.




After the mummy was brought into the lab, the researchers raised the temperature is 64 degrees Fahrenheit, to unfreeze the mummy. Melt water tested for bacteria, which contributed to an ancient mummy is so well preserved.




After lasted nine o'clock autopsy, the mummy was returned to the starting temperature of 21 degrees Fahrenheit and placed in a glass sarcophagus. The research took place in the Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano South Tyrol, Italy.



The red arrow points to the place where the body of Ötzi was found by two German tourists from Nuremberg in 1991 at an altitude of 3200 meters. When Ötzi was found stone tools and artifacts of Neolithic.



In the area of ​​the knee to the foot of the mummy you can see the tattoo in the shape of a cross. Scientists suggest that this - traces of a kind of rite, aimed at the treatment of arthritis.



Recreating the mummy and the provisions found in the "ice man" outfit. At the feet of the mummy were found a combination of two kinds of tinder. One of them - Birch Polypore, the second - a real tinder. In addition, at the foot of the mummy was a knife and shoes. In addition, it was found a copper ax, two arrows and the string of tree bark.



Dr. Edward Egarter Wigley and colleagues studied using an endoscope arrowhead entrenched in the shoulder of the mummy. Arrow cut in an artery, causing a great loss of blood.



X-ray shoulder "ice man", an arrow marked with a red arrow.



Scientists have spent nine hours in the study of mummies, trying to figure out the details of life and death "Iceman».



Petrified stomach contents "Ice Man". Doctors joke that he had a good appetite.



Neurosurgeons believe that shortly before his death "ice man" received a head injury.



Two kinds of tinder. Presumably, they have been used for medical purposes, including to stop the bleeding.



Knife and "sheath" "Ice Man».



The ax blade of copper, which suggests that his tribe "ice man" held a high position.



Two arrows, which were used for hunting and self-defense.



Maple Leaf, found among the equipment "Ice Man". the researchers found that the sheet was torn from a tree in late spring.



Lace from wood bark. its purpose is not established.



Shoes - consisting of grass, leather deer and bear skins. This shoes - one of the oldest ever discovered by scientists.



Dr. Eduard Egarter Wigley covers the mummy with a special solution before placing it back into the glass sarcophagus.



The mummy is in the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano, Italy. The room temperature is maintained at 21 degrees Fahrenheit and the humidity in the 98, 5 percent, simulating ice sheet that protected the mummy over five thousand years.



According to scientists, the ice man could be a little more than forty years.



Source: perekop.org

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