MOSCOW, May 18 - RIA Novosti. Scientists have discovered a new pattern of interaction of elementary particles of matter and antimatter, due to which there is probably a universe and all its components, including planet earth and the inhabitants of the people, the researchers reported in an article accepted for publication in the journal Physical Review D.
This is the so-called symmetry of matter and antimatter, which, according to an idealized mathematical representation of the structure of the universe, should lead to the formation of equiprobable particles of matter and antimatter as a result of interactions of elementary particles.
If this principle were true, then at the moment of the Big Bang, initiated the formation of the first stars and galaxies in the universe, all matter and antimatter formed in equal amounts, would come together to interact, leading to their mutual destruction (annihilation ).
Despite the fact that the objective reality - the existence of the universe and all its components, "made" of the matter and the almost complete absence of antimatter - indicates that the principle of symmetry is somehow broken. Due to what is happening, scientists still do not know.
The first explanation for this "asymmetry" of matter and antimatter were proposed by the Soviet academician Andrei Sakharov, according to the properties of the particles which works with inverse quantum-mechanical features are not completely opposed. These differences lead to the fact that in the same conditions, the particles of matter and antimatter behave diametrically opposed, and with small deviations from this symmetry.
Over the past few decades, the work of different groups in the field of elementary particle physics have led to the discovery of examples of such asymmetry of matter and antimatter, but such reactions is still belonged to the category of "exotic" and could not explain the existing nature of matter over antimatter superiority.
In his new work an international team of 500 scientists working at the National Accelerator Laboratory. Enrico Fermi in the US, resulting in data obtained by the second power particle accelerator, the Tevatron, and pointing to a significant deviation from the symmetry of the particles of matter and antimatter.
In its work, the scientists conducted using the accelerator collisions of protons and antiprotons, the result being the formation of other elementary particles. Scientists drew their attention to the so-called B-mesons, which in turn decay into muons and antimuon.
As a result of 8 years of experience and accumulated data on the results of hundreds of trillions of collisions of protons and antiprotons, scientists were able to show that the formation of muons in the decay of B mesons at 1% more likely than education antimuon.
This deviation is 50 times the deviation from the symmetry of matter and antimatter predicted by the laws of the Standard Model of elementary particle interactions, which could mean the discovery of evidence of the existence of new scientists previously unknown or laws of physics and elementary particles.
Will clarify this, apparently, a team of scientists working on the Large Hadron Collider.