Easter Island is the most secluded corners of our planet, is a small piece of land, which is located in the Pacific Ocean and away from the nearest inhabited island Pitkeyr 2,600 km.
Natives call their island of Rapa Nui. And the whole world knows the name he received because it was discovered on Easter Sunday in 1722 the Dutchman Jacob Roggevenom.
Camaya famous mystery of Easter Island, which for hundreds of years, researchers are trying to unravel - the giant stone statues, the moai. These mysterious monoliths were carved from fossilized volcanic ash.
A total of 887 statues of the island, 397 of them are located near the Rano Raraku volcano, the crater of which were made and all other moai.
There are many unfinished statues found and even more abandoned chopping that suggests the idea of a sudden cessation of work due to some major cataclysm.
On the island there are two types of moai. "Giants" of 10 meters tall, hatless, farts, they are mostly on the slopes of Rano Raraku volcano, up to his neck in sedimentary rocks.
And the four-meter "dwarfs", hoisted on a pedestal-ahu along the ocean coast, in the original headdresses. They look younger than his 10-meter family, and their faces are not as long.
Then begin the theory and legends. One of the surviving legends says that once the island was ruled by people with long earlobes. They were subordinate to korotkouhie. At this time in full moai were built and ruthlessly cut down palm forest ecology of the island is not been brought to this sorry state. The population grew, there was nothing, not even enough wood for the manufacture of boats began cannibalism ... In short, korotkouhie broke and overthrew the elite.