ZIL. Moscow, October 2011

Moscow Automobile Plant. IA Likhachev (ZIL), 1971 parent company of a large industrial association automotive industry of the USSR, which includes 9 more specialized plants, located in Moscow and other cities. Country. It produces trucks (ZIL-130, ZIL-131) and cars of higher class (ZIL-114, ZIL-117) Electric Domestic, engines, spare parts for cars, special and non-standard equipment and all kinds of equipment for their own use. The factory was founded in 1916 "the Partnership on equal footing automobile Moscow plant" AMO »& quot ;.

Future areas ZIL fully clarified only after approval of the project for its reconstruction. In case of its successful implementation in the territory of the plant. Likhachev will be a new production cluster, which will create new jobs in the city

45 photos via mmet

1. Go to the factory is very simple. You have to wait until the guard turns away and go

Since 1956, the plant was named IA Likhachev, who was its director for 25 years.
Great work on technical re-implemented in the 60s., Which is associated with the organization of truck ZIL-130, mass production of which started in December 1964. The plant employs hundreds of automatic production lines, which will fully automate the processing of heavy body parts. All the basic units of the car going on conveyors.
Improving the technical level of production and the continuous efforts to improve the design of cars and refrigerators have allowed significantly improve the quality and increase output. In 1973, the production of trucks has increased as compared to 1965 to 75, 2% spare parts for vehicles - more than 2 times. At the factory the development of socialist competition. On September 1, 1973 29 shops and departments awarded the title of the team and 33 th. People. - The title drummer communist labor. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin (1942, 1949, 1971) and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1944).

2. The modern territory of the plant. Likhachev comparable to the area of ​​VVC and is 275 hectares. These hectares in the center of Moscow haunt many bright minds

3. According to the statements of Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin, "in the present state square meter area of ​​the plant is 1 thousand. Dollars, its growth potential - at least twice»

4. Incidentally, the manufacturing plant is interesting not only for its cost. Here, for example, there are places where photos do not need to be converted into BW - and so they BW (especially in winter)

5. A little more formal fresh information:
"The current issue of cars on the ZIL is unprofitable. In the future, the plant will be located high-tech production, which takes 9 times less space - about 30-40 hectares. This can be a issue as cars and a wide range of products. »

6. The territory is divided ZIL small ring of the Moscow railway into two parts. One old, and the second came later and it housed a workshop for the collection of cars, refrigerators and other advanced products.
To get from one part to another can be under three railway bridges, one above-ground gallery, but the best underground tunnel.
Right pedestrian tunnel, left - shipping

7. However, on an inflatable boat and a pedestrian can be overcome. Here is one of the few road entrances to underground shelters

8. Old Forges scored first. On the part of the railroad, they are elegantly covered with fishnet

9. Inside, everything has long been swept under a zero

10. A joke, not everyone else. For example, intact stand with luxurious imported capacitors

11. Other electrical



14. plunderers of wealth weighing position is not needed, the weigher fired

15. The balance remains

16. ZIL has repeatedly been a pioneer in the application of the domestic automotive industry many design innovations. Among them, hydraulic brakes (1931), a 12-volt system equipment (1934), eight-cylinder engine and the radio (1936), hypoid final drive and motorized window (1946), Four-chamber carburetor and air-conditioning ( 1959), chetyrёhfarnaya lighting system (1962), disc brake (1967).


18. In 1975-1989. Plant annual gathering of 195-210 ths. trucks. In the 1990s, the volume of production declined drastically to 7, 2 thousand. Truck (1996), since 2000 has increased to 22 thousand., Then began to decline.

19. In 2009, produced 2, 24 thous. Cars. From 1924 to 2009, the plant has made 7 million 870 thousand. 089 trucks, 39 thousand. 536 buses (in 1927-1961 gg., 1963-1994 gg. And 1997) and 12 thousand. 148 cars (in 1936-2000 gg .; 72% of them - ZIS-101). Furthermore, 1951-2000's. It was made 5 5 million household refrigerators and in 1951-1959 years. - 3, 24 million bicycles. Exports to 51 countries of the world put more than 630 ths. Cars.



22. The advent of capitalism broke down and shoe shop


24. The main dining room works well and produces soup with sausage. And this has nothing to buy, although the posters on the wall inform that the products subject to sales tax 4%



27 When at the plant will be a "new proizvedstvenny cluster", is to build a small Hadron nanokollayder

28. Fortunately for construction materials at hand


30. The prayer room

31. Organ Hall

32. Hall of solemn reception of delegations

33. Feshen boutique


35. The outdoor terrace


37. Yes, this asynchronous motors 3, 59 kW





42. Storage of narcotic, psychotropic, strong and poisonous drugs

43. Checkpoint hostel. In excellent condition, even a remote fire alarm system in place


45. It is time to leave this wonderful place, not forgetting the outlet cylinder blocks to score pockets



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