Living in a big city surrounded by people, it is difficult to imagine that the crowd and crush are not everywhere. In the world there are empty city, or ghost towns. Romantic name, but it is quite real objects, you can get there, some of them are even included in the tours. List of cities is quite large, especially a lot of them in America. However, staying in them is not always safe - because in order to empty the area, we need a good reason, and people leave the populated areas only when live in them becomes impossible. Cities are empty because of the downturn in economic activity, wars, natural and man-made disasters. 1. Pripyat.
The ruined city, located in the zone of radioactive contamination at the border of Ukraine and Belarus. By the time when the crash occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the city population was 50,000 people. On the territory of Pripyat remains intact, the only people left as fast as we could. Now this city - a museum of the Soviet era, there are guided tours are held, although the background radiation remains elevated.
2. Centralia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Centralia was founded in 1841, settled in it mainly miners. More than a hundred years here seething life, and then coal deposits near the town suddenly lit up. Attempts to extinguish the fire failed, for two decades underground smoldering coal. Carbon monoxide, hanging over the area, make living in Centralia very uncomfortable, frequent poisoning. Alarm sounded when gas stations began to ignite gasoline, and the city began to fall to the ground. Extinguish the fire which is under the ground in a small town not economically viable, cheaper to relocate all. Home residents to move out immediately demolished. Now the city is home to less than a thousand people, mostly priests. The fire is still raging underground, and experts predict will burn layers 250 years.
3. San Zhi, Taiwan.
San Zhi - ghost town in northern Taiwan. It was originally designed in futuristic style as a luxury resort for the wealthy. However, after numerous accidents that occurred at a construction site, the construction of the city was stopped. As usual, the lack of funds for further construction has meant that almost ready city was abandoned. Nearby residents believe that here live the ghosts of those who died during the construction. It does not allow the authorities to demolish the city for fear of retaliation by the spirits.
Also in Taiwan have abandoned amusement park - World catholyte. He was not abandoned because neokupaemosti, but because of the earthquake, which occurred September 21, 1999. The earthquake destroyed most of the attractions, and the owners of the park considered uneconomic to restore it.
4. Hashim, Japan.
Hashim translated from Japanese as "border island." Another name - Gankadzhima. This is just one of the uninhabited islands in the Nagasaki Prefecture. Its history began in 1890 when the company purchased the Mitsubishi Hashim and began to mine coal from the seabed. Work required considerable labor costs, and the island began to settle. Were built residential complexes, and much stronger than on the mainland - to protect against tsunami. By the mid-twentieth century, the population density on the island was 835 people per hectare, which is one of the highest population density in the world. However, ten years later to replace coal came oil and coal deposits began to close. In 1974 Mitsubishi officially announced the closing of the field. Today the island is empty and deserted, and even tourist trips there prohibited. The exception was shot on the island of the film "Battle Royale».
5. Varosha, Cyprus.
Not so long ago, this city was the usual seaside resort. However, in 1974 it was occupied by the Turks. Local residents left Varosha hoping to return after the settlement of the conflict. However, this problem is still not resolved, and the city is empty. Luxury hotels are aging, on the left coast bred sea turtles listed in the Red Book ... City surrounded by barbed wire, and there is only permitted to enter UN personnel. However, the authorities of the two parts of Cyprus are negotiating to revive the abandoned cities as resorts. By 2010, plans to build more Varosha ultramodern hotel complexes.
6. Balestrino, Italy.
The town is located near Genoa. Its history began in the eleventh century, when the city belonged to the Benedictine abbey of San Pietro dei Monti. Lived in Balestrino mostly farmers who grow olives. At the end of the XIX century the north-west coast of Italy was struck by numerous earthquakes. Seismic activity has forced residents to leave. Latest 400 people were evicted from here in 1953. Since then Balestrino stood untouched, but now it begin perestaivat.
7. Detroit, USA.
Detroit can not be called to leave the city, but there are empty entire neighborhoods: skyscrapers abandoned theaters destroyed, ruined luxury housing. The city came to this state in the 60s, after the racial riots. The strongest of them was 23 July 1967 and lasted for three days. The case ended with the introduction of the military, was burned more than 2,000 buildings, about 500 people were injured. As a result, the white population of Detroit was to move to other cities. The crisis of the automotive industry in the 80s even more aggravate the situation. In the last few years is the restoration of the city, but very slowly.