October 17th, 1917 was born Yakov Pavlov, the hero of the Battle of Stalingrad, whose reconnaissance kept "House Pavlova." This house became the prototype of the house in the sensational film "Stalingrad". Recall 7 truthful facts about the Battle of Stalingrad
In Stalingrad, the Red Army and the Wehrmacht for an unknown reason, have changed methods of warfare. Red Army from the beginning of the war used the tactics of flexible defense waste in critical situations. Command of the Wehrmacht, in turn, avoided large, bloody battles, preferring to circumvent the major fortified areas. In the Battle of Stalingrad both parties forget their principles and go on a bloody tower. The foundation was laid August 23, 1942, when the Luftwaffe made a massive bombardment of the city. Killed 40 000 people. This exceeds official figures Allied air raid on Dresden in February 1945 (25,000 victims).
To get to the ADA
Under the city itself has the largest system of underground communications. During the fighting underground galleries are actively used both Soviet troops and the Germans. And there were in the tunnels even local fighting. Interestingly, the German forces from the beginning of their penetration into the city began to build a system of their own underground facilities. The work continued almost until the end of the Battle of Stalingrad, and only in the end of January 1943, when the German High Command realized that the battle was lost, the underground galleries were blown up. We remained a mystery that was built by the Germans. One of the German soldiers then ironically wrote in his diary that he had the impression that the command wanted to get to hell and demons to call for help.
MARS AGAINST URANIUM
A number of esoteric claims that a number of strategic decisions of the Soviet command in the Battle of Stalingrad affected practicing astrologers. For example, a counter-offensive of the Soviet troops, the operation "Uranus", began November 19, 1942 at 7:30 am At this point, the so-called the Ascendant (the point of the ecliptic rising above the horizon) was located in the planet Mars (the Roman god of war), the setting point of the ecliptic was the planet Uranus. According to astrologers, this planet is ruled by the German army. Interestingly, the Soviet command was developed parallel to another major offensive in the south-western front - "Saturn". At the last moment it was abandoned and conducted "Operation Little Saturn." Interestingly, in ancient mythology, is Saturn (Cronus in Greek mythology) castrated Uranus.
Alexander Nevsky against Bismarck,
Military action was accompanied by a large number of signs and wonders. Thus, in the 51th Army fought a detachment of submachine under the command of Lieutenant Alexander Nevsky. The then propagandists Stalingrad Front launched a rumor that the Soviet officer is a direct descendant of the prince, the Germans crashed on Lake Peipsi. Alexander Nevsky was even presented the Order of the Red Banner. And on the German side of the battle took the great-grandson of Bismarck, which is known to be warned never to war with Russia. A descendant of the German Kaiser, by the way, was taken prisoner.
TIMER AND TANGO
During the battle the Soviets adopted the revolutionary innovations of psychological pressure on the enemy. So, from the speakers mounted at the front, raced favorite hits of German music, which is interrupted by reports of the victories of the Red Army at Stalingrad front areas. But the most effective tool was the monotonous beat of a metronome, which is interrupted by 7 strokes commentary in German: "Every 7 seconds, the front killed one German soldier." At the end of the series 10-20, "Reporting timer" from the speaker swept tango.
Many German soldiers and officers, who had a lot of battles behind him, recalled that in Stalingrad, they sometimes gave the impression that they were in some sort of parallel world, the atmosphere of absurdity, where traditional German pedantry and rationality disappears. Thus, the German command are often rendered completely meaningless orders: for example, in street battles for some minor plot, the German generals could put a couple of thousands of their own soldiers.
One of the most absurd moments of the episode began when German aviatory- "supply vessels" dropped from the air in a closed "bloody cauldron" fighters instead of food and clothing for women mink coats.
In early February, after the battle, the Soviet government raised the issue of inappropriate restoration of the city, which would cost more to build a new city. However, Stalin insisted on the restoration of Stalingrad literally from the ashes. So, on the Mamayev Hill were dropped as ordnance that after the release of as many as 2 years it did not grow grass.