Many facts about wolves

Under certain weather conditions, wolves can hear sounds at a distance of 9 kilometers in the forest, and 16 km. in open terrain.
The Vikings wore wolf skins and drank before the fight wolf blood that they took with them to raise their morale.
The earliest image of wolves found in caves in the south of Europe, it has more than 20,000 years.
Wolf is impossible to tame and make a guard dog, he is afraid of strangers and will hide from them, and not to bark.
Autoimmune disease "lupus" or tuberculosis of the skin, literally means "red wolf" because in the eighteenth century, doctors believed that the disease after being bitten by a wolf evolved.
Wolves distinguish about 200 million tones of smell, people just 5 million. Wolf's family is able to smell the smell of other animals at a distance of 1, 5 kilometers.
Eyes wolf pups are always blue at birth. They turn yellow only to eight months.
The gestation period is about wolf 65 days. Wolf puppies are born deaf and blind and weigh only a pound.
Wolves were once the most common land-based predators, the only places where they lived - deserts and tropical forests.
Enormous pressure created teeth in cleft palate, about 300 pounds per square inch (compared to 150 kg / cm ^ 2 at a dog).
North American gray wolf population in the 1600th year was 2 million individuals. Today, they are left in North America no more than 65 thousand.
Hungry wolf can eat 10 pounds of meat in one sitting, it is as if a person ate in one sitting hundred hamburgers.
Wolf pack may consist of two or three individuals, and perhaps ten times more
Wolves are descended from ancient animals called «Mesocyon», who lived about 35 million years ago. It was a small animal, like a dog with short legs and a long body. Perhaps they just like wolves live in packs.
Wolves can swim a distance of 13 kilometers, helping himself with the movement in the water in small webbed fingers.
In the period from 1883 to 1918, only one US state of Montana killed more than 80 thousand wolves.
Adolf Hitler (whose name means "leader wolf") was fascinated by wolves and sometimes required to call himself "Mr. Wolf" or "conductor Wolf" as an alias. "Gorge Wolf» (Wolfsschlucht), «Wolf's Lair» (Wolfschanze) and "Werewolf» (Wehrwolf) were Hitler's code names for various military headquarters.
In the 1600s, Ireland was called "Wolf earth", because at that time there were a lot of wolves. Wolf hunting was the most popular sport among the nobility, who used to determine the location of wolfhounds wolf and his murder.
Biologists have found that the wolves would react to people imitating the howling of wolves. Strange if it was different ...
In 1927, a French police officer was convicted of shooting the boy, whom he considered a werewolf. In the same year in France, was killed last wild wolf.
When Europeans arrived in North America, the wolf has become the most popular among them prey to hunt animals in American history. These animals were on the verge of extinction in the early XX century. The US federal government even adopted a program of elimination of wolves in the western states in 1915.
Terrible wolves («canis dirus») - one of the representatives of prehistoric wolves that lived in North America about two million years ago. They hunted mainly for production of such dimensions as mammoths.
Wolves can for two minutes with a run speed of 32 km / h, and at moments of danger or prosecution - 56 km / h. It is noticed that during the day they run "trot" (about 8 km / h) and can travel at that speed throughout the day.
The smallest representatives of wolves living in the Middle East, where it reaches a weight not exceeding 30 kg. The largest wolf individuals live in Canada, Alaska and Russia, where they are gaining weight up to 80 pounds.
Wolves howl using bind with disparate members of their group to rally before the hunt, or to warn rivals other flocks, so stay away from them. Lone wolf howling to attract partners or simply because they are alone. In fact, howling lasts no more than 5 seconds, simply because of the echo, sound seems longer.
Reflective layer in the eyes of a wolf called «tapetum lucidum» (Latin translates as "bright tapestry"), it glows in the dark and helps night vision in the animal.
Where live wolves, ravens are found frequently (sometimes called "wolf birds"). Crows often follow after the packs of wolves to doklevat remnants of the hunt, as well as using wolves as a defense.
According to Pliny the Elder, a Greek scholar of the first century, the language of wolf puppies rubbing the gums to ease the pain when they occur. He also believed that the wolf dung can be used to treat stomach cramps and cataracts.
The Aztecs used the wolf's liver in the treatment of melancholia as an ingredient for the drug. In addition, they stabbed the chest of a dying wolf sharpened bone in an attempt to delay the date of death.
In the Middle Ages, Europeans used powders based on wolf liver to relieve pain during childbirth.
The Greeks believed that if someone ate the meat of a wolf that kills lambs, it is exposed to a high risk of becoming a vampire.
Cherokee Indians did not hunt wolves, because they thought the brothers killed will avenge them. In addition, the weapon that killed the wolf was considered "broken».
British King Edgar for Wales introduced a special annual tax of 300 hides, so that Welsh wolf population was quickly destroyed.
In 1500, the last wild wolf was killed in England, in 1700 in Ireland, and in 1772 on Danish soil.
Germany became the first country in 1934 put the population of wolves under environmental laws. Under the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche (rod.1844-um.1900) and Oswald Spengler (born 1880 um.1936) society became convinced that natural predators mean much more than their value after the murder. By the way, in Germany, all the wild wolves were exterminated by the middle of the nineteenth century.
Unlike other animals, wolves have a number of distinctive facial movements, which they use to communicate and maintain relationships in the pack.
In Japanese, the word wolf is characterized as "the great god».
From 6000 to 7000 wolf skins still sold annually worldwide. They come mainly from Russia, Mongolia and China, and are most commonly used for sewing a coat.
In India, still used simple traps to catch wolves. These traps are the pits, camouflaged with branches and leaves. Wolves fall into a pit on sharp stakes, and people achieve their top stones.
Wolves were the first animals that have come under the protection of the law on the list of endangered species in 1973.
The famous poem by John Milton «Lycidas» got its name from the Greek word "wolf» lykideus.
In the world of Harry Potter was a werewolf Remus Lupin, whose name is directly related to the Latin word «lupus», but the name is likely derived from Remus, founders of Rome, who was suckled by wolves.
Last wolf in Yellowstone Park was assassinated in 1926. In 1995, people have managed to renew the wolf population, and within ten years, about 136 wolves roam the park, huddled together in 13 packs.
Currently, there are about 50,000 wolves in Canada and Alaska, 6500 in the United States. On the European continent, in Italy - less than 300, in Spain around 2000, in Norway and Sweden - less than 80. There are about 700 wolves in Poland, and 70,000 in Russia.


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