Amazon in 2011 was recognized as one of the 7 wonders of the world. The Amazon River is the second longest (6,400 kilometers) in the world after the Nile. It has over 1,100 tributaries, 17 of which more than 1,500 kilometers.
It is surrounded by tropical forest, which covers the territory belonging to nine countries: Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Vast forest areas are flooded every rainy season.
Amazonian forests largest area of tropical forest in the world, called the "lungs" of our planet, occupying 5.5 square kilometers, more than half of all tropical forests in the world. In the jungles of the Amazon the greatest variety of plants and animals on Earth.