People love movies about the ancient Romans, Indians and other great civilizations, but few people think about preserving cultural and historical heritage of a bygone era. The barbaric destruction of the masterpieces of architecture, sculpture and mosaic can lead to the fact that the temples, tombs and pyramids will only scenery of Hollywood blockbusters.
When talking about the interests of corrupt officials and greedy corporations, everything else is forgotten. Of course, nothing lasts forever, and everything ever be destroyed, but to do it on purpose, for the sake of short-term profit - crime, especially to future generations, because as he said Vasily Klyuchevsky, people are not remembering his past, does not and future.
Until 1871, when amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovered the ruins of the city, the scientists assumed that Troy - fiction writers and chroniclers of the ancient epics. To make a revolutionary discovery, Schliemann had to use explosive brainchild of Alfred Nobel - dynamite, causing a significant part of the heritage of the Trojans were destroyed.
2. The Buddhas of Bamiyan, Afghanistan
Two giant statues height of 37 meters and 55, were part of the temple complex of the Bamiyan Valley in Afghanistan, only a few years ago were known as a fine example of Buddhist ritual sculpture. Unfortunately, in March of 2001 the priceless statues were blown up by members of the radical group on the orders of the Taliban Mullah Mohammed Omar. UNESCO decided not to rebuild the sculpture of the high cost of the project.
3. Umm al-Akarib Iraq
The cultural heritage of Iraq in the 1990s and early 2000s, suffered significant losses due to the unstable political and social situation, which forced the Iraqi Board of Antiquities take measures for the protection of historical and cultural monuments of the country by armed gangs of looters.
In May of 2003 a delegation to Iraq as part of the University of Chicago professor of archeology McGuire Gibson, Colonel John Kessel, Piero Cordone, the Italian diplomat and several military. After touring the ruins of Umm al-Akariba experts have concluded that the emergency measures can only save what geniuses of the Iraqi people have created over the centuries. Unfortunately, before the world community drew attention to the problem, many architectural structures have been lost forever.
4. The ruins of Babylon, Iraq
Officer John Curtis of the British Museum in his report two years ago told the world about the destruction of cultural and historical monuments during the military operation in Iraq.
On the territory of the ruins of Babylon area of approximately 150 hectares located camp of more than two thousand soldiers. Ancient bridge age of about 2, 5 thousand years, leading to the gate of Ishtar, was smashed by tanks, itself a unique monument of architecture has received significant damage, and rich on the archeological findings scattered bags of soil for the construction of fortifications. Caravanserai Khan Al RabaX century was used as a testing ground for the destruction of weapons and ammunition to the rebels, with the result that the building was almost completely destroyed.
5. Tomb of the Sixth Dynasty, the city of Nanjing, China