For many animal lovers, zoos bear the image suppressed animals, continually rushing over the iron bars. A few decades ago zoos were like a prison, even in developed countries, where the animals spent most of their lives in small cages, and in some parts of the world zoos remain dark to this day.
But with changing attitudes to the environment changed and the living conditions of the animals. Wild habitats all over the planet have become more vulnerable, zoos have undertaken a difficult work, aimed at the preservation of species under threat of extinction. Present to our readers six at the international level respected zoos that are working to improve the lives of their inhabitants, as well as their wild relatives.
Zoo San Diego
Zoo San Diego, USA, widely known for his contribution to the preservation and the protection (and, of course, a demonstration) of animals and plants from around the world. It covers an area of 40 hectares and is home to more than 3 700 rare and endangered endangered animals representing more than 650 species and subspecies. The zoo is also famous for breeding the rare giant pandas. In partnership with Safari Park covering an area of 720 hectares, the zoo provides an implementation of the world programme for the protection of the environment, known as the Institute of conservation research at the Zoo San Diego. This organization works to protect wild animals, and also forms a gene Bank and struggling with the diseases. The zoo also gives the opportunity to take the animals in foster care.
Singapore zoo, formerly known as the Singapore Zoological gardens, first opened its doors in 1973. He is known worldwide for its concept of openness, when the animals are separated from visitors only a water-filled or dry moats. However, from the bloodthirsty inhabitants of the zoo do the same to protect the glass. The conditions of life designed to maximize to match the natural habitat of animals. The zoo also implements a number of environmental projects, such as programmes for the breeding of king cobras, white rhinos and orangutans. The zoo manages the Fund for the protection of nature reserves of Singapore, who worked to protect natural habitats. Chester zoo
British Chester zoo opened in 1931 through the activities of animal lover George Mothershed. A child in 1903 he visited the Manchester zoo and was amazed by the wet and dark conditions, which contained animals. Chester zoo has been designed as a modern European place with moats separating the animals from visitors and from extensive space for content. Since Mothershed the zoo continues to promote the welfare of its inhabitants through the implementation of several environmental programmes and projects for the breeding of the species. Today the zoo has an area of 45 hectares is home to more than 8,000 animals on site are the award winning gardens.
Taronga zoo in Sydney with an area of 21 hectares, was opened in 1916 and today is home to more than 2,600 animals and 340 species. In 2000, the zoo began an audit worth $ 250 million, in which from Thailand were brought five Asian elephants for breeding programs. In 2009, the zoo has acquired fame by becoming the first in Australia, the birth place of five elephants. The Australian conservation community Taronga is working to preserve species of animals, implementing, among other things, a few breeding projects. Recently the zoo has placed 500 of the eggs striking about toads in the wild in Kosciuszko National Park.
The Bronx zoo
Bronx zoo in new York first opened its doors in 1899 after, Fordham University sold the land to city on condition that it will be used for the purposes of the zoo. Today its area is 110 hectares, making it one of the largest urban zoos in the world. This is one of four zoos that are members of the society for the preservation of wildlife, and is home to over 4,000 animals. The zoo is implementing a number of programs to improve the lives of animals, to strengthen the natural instincts of its inhabitants. In addition, the zoo is working to preserve the genetic distinctiveness of populations on its territory and in the wild.
The zoo has an area of 35 hectares began work in 1844, becoming the first institution of its kind in Germany. Only 91 animal survived destruction due to the Second world war, however, the zoo is literally reborn from the ashes and became one of the largest in the world. It shows about 14,000 animals and 1,400 species. The zoo has also implemented several environmental programs, including cooperation with the world wildlife Fund in the conservation of natural habitats in Europe and abroad, as well as the protection of species such as korotkolapye giraffe and giant Panda.