To solve this problem, researchers have introduced into cells of E. Coli certain proteins-enzymes of plant origin, causing the micro-organisms began to develop the substance pinene. It is a cyclical hydrocarbon, and its properties are almost similar to the missile fuel JP-10 – one of the most common today.
In principle, the result of the work of the American scientists was the biofuel is eligible for a task for the missile industry. But to say that soon it will start mass use impossible. A barrier to this is the low productivity of the bacteria, where from each liter of pulp, used for food microorganisms, the output is produced in just 32 milligrams of pinene. This overrides any indicators the way of innovative biofuels in mass production, but the scientists themselves not to despair.
According to them, are used for conventional rocket fuel oil fraction, also not very common, which is why it is quite expensive – about $ 25 for one gallon. The cost of the biofuel at the moment exceeds $ 500. At the same time, the prospects of a 20-fold reduction of production costs, though vague yet, but, according to the creators of biofuel exist, and now is actively working to reduce the cost of the process of creating this product.
So it is very likely that the global transport industry, will soon acquire another segment, which in the future will be able to abandon the use of fossil hydrocarbons. Of course, such an event in the coming decades, is unlikely to happen, but the very existence of missile production technology of biofuels, encouraging.