"We will transform old age into eternal youth."The motto in the title of the article, came to us from the distant past. It is with these words began one of the beauty recipes, compiled in Ancient Egypt. The oldest civilization of the planet with great attention and respect to the human body. A wealth of material indicates that for thousands of years before Christ, beauty who lived in the valley of the great Nile river, cared for the preservation of youth for a long time, if not forever. Yes, forever! For religion of the Egyptians taught that the departure from the earthly life to the mysterious "Land of the West" is temporary and the soul sooner or later will regain its former body.
THE GODS — HONOR AND WORSHIP
In Ancient Egypt cosmetics were originally intended for ritual, religious and magical purposes, and for the treatment of various ailments. All the rest — in so far as to propitiate the Supreme being, paint and cosmetic ointments, creams and balms densely imposed on faces, torsos, arms, legs, numerous statues of Egyptian gods, as well as on different parts of the body of the clergy. Let their heads and bodies were sculpted in the form of animals and birds, a Falcon, an IBIS, a Jackal,... still images of immortal higher beings were worthy of hourly care. And Woe to the careless of the Ministers, forgotten to powder his nose a formidable lioness Sekhmet!
And since mortals are the creatures of God, they also are not forbidden to imitate sacred beings. It is possible to care about the personal beauty and hygiene. The extant descriptions and figures, the many material finds testify to the enormous attention devoted Egyptian aristocrats of his appearance. In the tombs of Queens and kings, nobles, generals and their beautiful wives and concubines is abysmal pots, bottles, and bottles of stone, plaster, alabaster for ointments and unguents, blushes, and cosmetic powders. The owners of the pyramids and mysterious dungeons used it all for beauty not only in the world of the living, but in the realm of the dead.
PEOPLE — HEALTH & BEAUTY
Cosmetics that the Egyptians used, can be divided into two categories. The first group includes essential — oil and fatty ointments, used then, as now, to protect the skin from the scorching sun and hot dry wind of the desert — country of the cruel God of Seth. These toilet tools are not considered excesses, they were used by men and women from all strata of society.
The second category of expensive drugs. They were kept in the homes of wealthy Egyptians together with silver, gold and precious spices... a Central place among the surviving written records of Ancient Egypt holds a unique compendium of medicine, was found by a German scientist-Egyptologist Georg Ebers. This scroll XVI century BC reaches a length of 20,5 m. It is composed of 108 papyrus sheets glued together and includes excerpts from more than 40 medical texts more ancient origin. It contains many recipes and instructions for the treatment of various diseases, tips on how to be saved from the bites of animals and insects. In the cosmetic section you can find detailed instructions on how to get rid of wrinkles, change the color of the skin, remove moles, hair color and eyebrow accelerate hair growth... All the recipes are accompanied by references to the relevant magical spells and incantations.Ancient remedy for hair coloring was invented August lady Your mother-in-law of the first Egyptian Pharaoh's Mines (Menes), who United around 3400 BC, the Duchy crushed the Nile valley into a unified state.During the reign of Ramesses III took place a strike of grave-diggers, who demanded better food quality and... increase in the issue of cosmetics.
First means for coloring the eyelids, eyelashes and eye liner discovered by archaeologists in graves Dating from 4000 BC
The inhabitants of the valley of the Nile is widely used aromatic substances, mixing them with vegetable oils and animal fats. In Ancient Egypt it was known that the fine incense tend to tempt the human senses, cast illusions, to awaken tenderness, sexual desire, cause aggression. Incense attracted and repelled. The flavors are light and fresh, pretemporada and thick exotic mixed in various combinations. Body and dwelling'm perfuming with the famous balls'keefe, consisting of raisins, wine, mozhzhevelovyh, myrrh, Burgundy figs, honey and other ingredients. Sweet and odorous substances, included in cosmetics blagavona, in addition to purely utility functions, was supposed to attract the good gods and spirits for the "betterment" of the person using them people.
Common in Egypt, was bathing with aromatic oils. Unlike other countries of the Ancient East here they were not talkorigin-a ritual. Fragrant resin obtained from the mastic tree (pistachio family), was used as a means for scenting the breath. Were made of it chewing the pills, the distant ancestors of modern chewing gum. Master perfumers jealously guarded their trade secrets and passed them only to close relatives. The art of creating beautiful makeup was not easy. It required extraordinary imagination and fine taste, and large investments.
Pharaoh SETI I increased the monetary provision for the army of ointments for the skin.
Most popular makeup of the Egyptians was the eyeliner. For these purposes, used the antimony imported from Asia and have gained huge popularity in Egypt as the prototype of the modern mascara, eyeliners for eyes and eyebrows, eyeshadow. The paint was applied in religious-magical and medicinal purposes. This procedure protected the eyes from various diseases, and repel mosquitoes — vectors of pathogens of all diseases. Cosmetics protect skin from dryness and served as a shield from the unbearable sunlight, irritating the eyes of the Egyptians all year round. And when Egyptian women realized that the paint not only protects the eyes, but also visually increases them, attracting the attention of connoisseurs of female beauty, they began to use makeup purely for aesthetic purposes. Speaking about cosmetics and makeup in Ancient Egypt, we can not say about the beauty of Egyptian women, which, as we know, no makeup can not hide. Egyptian women had a reputation as the most beautiful women of the era. So, the Babylonian king Kadashman-Ellil (XIV century BC), to Woo the daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and being refused, wrote to the Lord of the arrogant powers on the Nile: "Why are you doing this to me? In Egypt, there are enough beautiful daughters. No one will notice that she is not Royal blood!".
However, the Belle was the legendary Queen Nefertiti, the name of which translates as "beautiful". Beloved wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten (1369-1352 years before Christ) was a helpmate in all his endeavors. And in the history of this Pharaoh came as a great reformer. He made the revolutionary attempt to abolish the country of a thousand years of pagan religion and replace worship of hundreds of scary animal-like deities cult cute single God — Aten solar.
The extant image of the divine lady give a visual representation of the makeup used by the ancient Egyptian aristocrats, not only in the middle of the XIV century before Christ, but within hundreds of years previous and subsequent, are quite conservative, the history of the great powers of the Nile valley. Painted eyes, rouged her cheeks, penciled lips only emphasize the high forehead, thin nose, almond eyes, high cheekbones, the curve of the lips, thin long neck of this extraordinary woman. Its beauty has survived the Millennium. Today her images are inspiring and fascinating as 35 centuries ago.