Let's start with the pyramid of Djoser. Speed, the very first pyramid. And it is the first sarcophagus, but he is not quite familiar to us. Given the form in which the building is now making a good description of it is not easy.
Inside undergoing restoration, and the sarcophagus itself is surrounded by scaffolding (here rather than wood, and the design for the descent down). The sarcophagus is not monolithic, like all others, and is built of granite beams; in size (about 4x4 m) is more like a crypt. Find a complete description still fails, but it is a matter of time, after all, the pyramid complex and its well studied.
Get into the pyramid of Djoser failed, so there is at least some, but their photos.
The sarcophagus is on the bottom of a huge mine inside the building. Of course, I want to describe oschueniya inside the pyramid ... there is much darker than any pyramid in Egypt. Mine (approximately 10x10 m) rather in bad condition; lead somewhere dilapidated moves ... hang stones, threatening to fall at any moment. Returns to the reality construction of red-blue "forests". Otherwise - a full immersion into the depths of the ancient and very dark structure.
This is the first (or one of the first) massive sarcophagi of Ancient Egypt.
Stone fallen from the top is still sticking in the "wound" of the sarcophagus.
Old photo. Mine design without
photo from the dock of the film. On the sarcophagus.
photo from the dock of the film. Landslides bury sarcophagus ...
Djoser's successor Sekhemkhet began to build a similar step pyramid, but because of the fact that, most likely, he did not return from a military campaign in the Sinai, the pyramid was left unfinished and, in addition, was sealed. When she was unearthed in the last century Ghoneim, everyone thought that in a sealed coffin will mummy of Pharaoh ... Everyone was waiting for the opening of Tutankhamun in the spirit ... but at gunpoint dozen cameras, open the sarcophagus was completely empty. Alas, though the discovery of the pyramid was an important point in Egyptology, Ghoneim was driven to suicide.
Get inside there is no way: entrance buried under a mass of sand, mine, probably also bombarded. Given that the passages were so dilapidated and because of the series of earthquakes there is generally unknown in what condition it is still closed even for researchers.
Photos from the book Ghoneim "Lost Pyramid»
Unprepossessing burial chamber with an alabaster sarcophagus.
Interesting valve, which is not usual for the Egyptian sarcophagi
Images from the dock. film where Hawass climbs in Buried Pyramid and looks Where did the mummy of the king))
Nameless Mastaba at Meidum pyramid.
But who knows, the interior looks like a pyramid, and maybe it was a cult pyramid, which then redrew for later burial.
Inside the massive granite sarcophagus.
Lid ajar, backed by the ancient wooden mallet likely or robbers, or researchers. Already a classic look, but treated quite rudely.
Neither inside nor outside no inscriptions or ornamentation.
One of the first sarcophagi of ancient Egypt in all its glory, is close to the classical forms of stone sarcophagi.
Tatie sarcophagus in a pyramid at Saqqara.
Partly destroyed pyramid friend Tatie 6 Dynasty. It was during the 5-6 dynasty in some pyramids is the "Pyramid Texts." Basalt sarcophagus. Cover is not shifted, but a piece of already broken out to get to the content.
Magic formulas, instructions what to do in the next world, etc. Ie in fact, this is the first set of Book of the Dead on the walls of tombs. The ceiling of the many stars.
Inside there are already signs. Processing is quite simple as we can see traces of tapping visible to the naked eye.
But on the other side there is a track around which otlantovedy excited, and I one time too.
Giza. Entrance to the tomb Seshemnefera, a senior official of the Fourth Dynasty.
Inside the sarcophagus. Lid ajar.
As we have seen, and its processing is rather rough and corresponds to the era of the pyramid builders.
Headless Pyramid at Saqqara (presumably Pharaoh Merikare, 6 or 10 dynasty). And what is left of the sarcophagus. Once the lid. But what. Here it affects the quality of performance. Find fault with almost nothing to. The pyramid was first discovered by the German archaeologist Karl Lepsius in 1842 and named the "Headless Pyramid" because of the complete absence of its outer part. Only in 2008 the team luck Zahi Hawass. Year and a half it took to remove the 7-meter layer of sand, 166 years dozing discovery K. Lepsius.
More details here: isida-project.org/egypt_2012/saqqara_headless.htm
Surprisingly, the pyramid was completely destroyed, and the lid of the sarcophagus was found in excellent condition.
From the sarcophagus were only miserable fragments. Traces complex, but as we have seen (at closer. Pending) to them there are traces of manual processing with abrasive. Overall, the cap does not fit in a number of sarcophagi of the Old Kingdom.
Sarcophagi shake its power, it is believed that they were not even created for people.
Each original, quality is also "floats» ...
Some sarcophagi (the photo), which are well show that there is no trace no space accuracies, which broadcast some uchOnye, dislikes Ancient Egypt and mleyuschie from little green men or otlantov. In this case, one is struck by how people were able to create such and still ask the question: how, why all the same, and as they did, and how to do.
Rough handling, traces of the masons. Geometry - lame.
With all the massiveness seen enough rough flaws
Right light shows all the flaws processing. Polished already on a curved surface.
Here you can see without glasses and that no ideal (super- machine, otlantskimi) Processing and does not smell.
And, of course, that this masterpiece can not skip past.
It is in the Cairo Museum.
Yes, sarcophagi are huge, they give almost no fear, and wholly admirable. Fear, because it is difficult to imagine what the strength to move the creation of the "boxes" and admiration because it did our ancestors in order, from which emanates a hidden horror beyond the grave.
And finally, that there was very sad.
Meidum. Sarcophagi with fittings.