For the experienced traveler, the idea of finding an unknown place is sometimes very far — all try first to choose the most popular tourist destination. There are so many places in the world that remain largely unexplored. This most often occurs because of their inaccessibility and remoteness. Since a large part of the surface of the Earth is already explored, many parts of the world have become a real Mecca for tourists, with an interesting history and beautiful views. Not surprisingly, the many popular places for a long time was frequently visited by the people who inflicted this serious damage. Their culture slowly destroyed by tourism, some places are experiencing severe environmental threats and physically destroyed by the legions of travelers from year to year. In this list was the City of Venice, crowded with its network of canals and gondolas and attracts millions of tourists. There is also Machu Picchu, located high in the Andes mountains of Peru and decades destructible man. Although in recent years taken a lot of measures to save these attractions, we still run the risk of losing what made them so popular.Cozumel, Mexico
As one of the most popular destinations for scuba diving in Mexico, island of Cozumel, Mexico near the Mayan Riviera, close to the resort of Cancun and Playa del Carmen. The area is very beautiful, with white sandy beaches and turquoise waters, but the main attraction for visitors to Cozumel is the Mesoamerican barrier coral reef, stretching off the coast of the island.
It offers tourists the chance to explore one of the most remarkable reefs in the world. Stretching more than 1,000 kilometers by coastal Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and Honduras, the reef is home to a great variety of corals and unique species of sea life, sharks and stingrays. Is experiencing a real tourist boom.
Due to the popularity of the reef, Cozumel has become the second most popular place of destination for cruise ships that deals a heavy damage to the fragile ecosystem of the reef. Although he was shown the relevant initiatives to manage the impact of mass tourism on the reef, Cozumel is still experiencing the negative effects of a changing marine climate. Cozumel is the list of the best reef Islands in the world.
Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Built for king Suryavarman II in the 12th century, Angkor Wat stretches over 400 kilometres in Siem reap, Cambodia is the largest religious monument anywhere in the world. Its name translates as “city of temples” is an important archaeological site that represents the mount Meru in Hindu mythology. Angkor Wat includes more than 40 monuments of the rich past of Cambodia, including the temple of Phnom Bakheng one of the most vulnerable structures.
In the past, the monument suffered from severe destruction in the hands of the Khmer Rouge regime and is now experiencing the attack of tourists who become more and more. This has led to the decline of the stone stairs and the slow erosion of the Sandstone statues, which are the least protected. Although many travel companies offer eco-tourism to Angkor Wat and use a safer methodology travel, mercantilism quickly fills the area shopping centers, Golf courses and other essential attributes of the modern world. This, in turn, results in an even greater number of tourists.
Machu Picchu, Peru
the Name Machu Picchu is derived from a dialect of Quechua, where Machu means "old man" and Picchu — the "peak". Machu Picchu is in the mountains the Peruvian province of Urubamba. About this place, few people knew until American Explorer Hiram Bingham had not visited him in 1911. Machu Picchu is located at the altitude of 2430 meters above sea level, and is one of the most famous landmarks in South America most visited by tourists.
Founded around 1450 for the Inca Emperor Pachacuti, the city of Machu Picchu was built in classical tradition of the Incas, but fell out of favor after the Spanish conquest, when Lima became the capital of Peru. Many of the original structures have been restored, but the city is negatively affected by severe weather, tourism and the natural aging process.
Machu Picchu took a tremendous amount of visitors since 2007, when it was included in the list of New 7 Wonders of the World, but his current vulnerability is also forced UNESCO to include the city in its list of world heritage sites under threat.
The great barrier reef
is Available from the city of Cairns in the Australian province of Queensland, the Great barrier reef is not only one of the most popular attractions but the largest reef system in the world. Composed of over 2,900 individual reefs over 2300 miles in the coral sea, the reef is visible from space and is the amazing world of marine life. It is a popular place in the world for scuba divers and snorkelers, exploring the rare (and often endangered) sea creatures within the ecosystem of the reef. It adversely affects the tourism, and global climate change.
Although the reef is a protected Marine Park the Great Barrier reef and is considered a world heritage site, there are significant concerns that its unique ecosystem may disappear due to pollution, natural disasters and increasing water temperatures leading to coral bleaching.
From many channels to the square of St. Mark, Venice sights famous all over the world and are one of the most charming tourist destinations of Italy. As the capital of the Veneto region, this Italian city made up of 118 Islands that are linked by a network of bridges and canals in the Venetian lagoon. More than 60,000 visitors each day visit Venice, and cruise ships are one of the most significant hazards for the city, causing a wave that destroys the foundations of Venetian buildings — the pride and charm of the city.
Tourists forced local residents to flee the city, depriving it of the greater part of the authenticity and distinctive local culture. At the same time, the economy of Venice is very dependent on tourism because the authorities are trying to control moderately the visit of the city by tourists, and sometimes even there are rumors that the city will be completely closed to the public.