Scientists have derived a mathematical proof that black holes cannot exist in reality
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You can hardly find in the world around us object about which we know even less than people know about black holes. Black holes in our understanding — is the darkest and most dense objects in space, the gravitational traps that cannot be avoided, even weightless light photons. The influence of black holes scientists explain some of the phenomena that occur in the centers of massive galaxies, and black holes scientists attribute a lot of the most exotic properties. And recently, as a result of joint work of scientists-physicists and mathematicians, black holes have acquired another property — is that they simply can't exist in the real world.
Laura Mersini-Houghton (Laura Mersini-Houghton), Professor of physics at the University of North Carolina at chapel hill, combining in a single unit two contradictory at first sight theory, gave a mathematical proof that black holes cannot arise and exist in the form in which it used to be. This situation may force scientists to reconsider all known modern theories about the structure of space-time continuum and re-develop a theory describing the origin of the Universe.
"We are in shock from what we found out," says Professor Mersini-Houghton, "We did research this problem more than 50 years, and all this time such studies have served as the reason of emergence of more new questions than they gave answers to the existing questions."
For many decades, scientists believed that black holes are formed when supermassive stars whose life cycle has come to an end, started to destroy themselves with their own gravity. Under the influence of gravity matter, stars began to condense and at some point this process becomes avalanche-like, causing the whole star shapefiles in the singularity in a very small size with great density of matter and hence weight. The gravity of this singularity leads to the appearance of the border, the event horizon, to return from which can neither matter, nor radiation.
The concept of a black hole is so bizarre due to the fact that it consist of two conflicting fundamental theory. The theory of gravitation of Einstein allows for the formation of black holes, but one of the fundamental theories of quantum mechanics specifies that no information in the Universe can disappear without a trace. Attempts to unite these two theories lead to mathematical nonsense, which is known as the paradox of the disappearance of information in a black hole.
But the researches of Professor Mersini-Houghton describe a whole new scenario. She and Stephen Hawking agree with the fact that when a star collapses under its own gravity, it produces the radiation, called Hawking radiation. However, the process of emission of Hawking radiation causes the loss of a star is its mass, while its mass and density fall so that the dying star swells and explodes, and the formation of a black hole with an event horizon becomes impossible.
The work of Professor Mersini-Houghton, which was co-written with the scientist-mathematician Harald Peiffer (Harald Peiffer) from the University of Toronto, published in the online publishing ArXiv. In this collection of works that have not yet passed peer review, it is also the earlier work of Mersini-Houghton, who are sort of the basis for her latest work.
Professor Mersini-Houghton is confident that the mathematical conclusions about the impossibility of the existence of black holes are true and final. However, the final point in the question of the existence of black holes may be set before obtaining the experimental data, indicating the possibility of physical existence of black holes.
From a mathematical justification of the impossibility of the occurrence of singularities and black holes has another important consequence. Many physicists and astronomers believe that our universe happened because of the singularity began its expansion since the Big Bang. However, if the singularity does not exist, scientists will have to propose a new theory about the origin of the Universe, which will not involve a Large Explosion, but which could explain all the phenomena observed by scientists at the present time..