20 of the most mysterious people of the world, the origin of which is still debate
Yes, Russian - one of the most mysterious peoples. Scientists still can not come to any consensus about the fact that Russian steel "Russian" or about what, where, in fact, the word occurred. Debatable about the origins of the people. The ancestors of the Russian record and Normans, and Scythians, and Sarmatians, and wends, and even the people of the South Siberian Usuns.
We do not know the origin of the Maya people, no matter where he disappeared. Some scholars trace the roots of the Maya to the legendary Atlanteans, others believe that their ancestors were the Egyptians. Maya created an effective system of agriculture, we have profound knowledge in the field of astronomy. Calendar developed by the Maya, and used the other nations of Central America. They used a hieroglyphic writing system, partially deciphered. Mayan civilization was very advanced, but the time of arrival of the conquistadors was in deep decline and the Maya themselves as if melted into history.
Also called Lapps and Saami Lapps. The age of this ethnic group has at least 5,000 years. Scientists are still arguing about who the Lapps and where they came from. Some believe that Mongoloid people, others argue that the Lapps - paleoevropeytsy. Sami language belongs to the Finno-Ugric languages, but 10 Lapps Sami language dialects which are so different from each other that they can be called independent. It is even difficult to communicate one with the other Lapps.
The very origin of the name of the Prussians is shrouded in mystery. The first time it is found only in the IX century in the form of an anonymous Brusi in the draft of a merchant, and later - in Polish and German chronicles. Linguists find it similar in many Indo-European languages and think that it dates back to the Sanskrit purusa - «people». Not preserved as sufficient information about the language and the Prussians. His last carrier died in 1677, and the plague years of 1709-1711 wiped out the last of the Prussians in Prussia. Already in the XVII century, instead of Prussian history begins the story of "Prussian" and the Kingdom of Prussia, which the local population had little to do with the name of Baltic Prussians.
The question of where did the Cossacks, is still unresolved. Their homeland was in the North Caucasus, and in the Sea of Azov, and West Turkistan. Cossack ancestry traced back to the Scythians, Alans, the Circassians, to the Khazars, the Goths, to the roamer. Supporters of all versions have their arguments. Today, the Cossacks - a multi-ethnic community, but they like to insist that the Cossacks - a separate nation.
Parsis - ethno-confessional group of followers of Zoroastrianism in South Asia, which has Iranian origin. The number it is now less than 130 thousand people. Parsis have their own temples and the so-called "towers of silence", where, in order not to defile the sacred elements (earth, fire, water) bury the dead (corpses of vultures peck). Parsis are often compared with the Jews, they are also forced to leave their homeland and are meticulous in matters of compliance with cults. "The Iranian League" in India, beginning of XX century Parsi advocated a return to his homeland, reminiscent of Zionism Jews.
About the meaning of the word "Hutsul" is still debate. Some scientists believe that the etymology of the word goes back to the Moldovan "gots" and "Guts", which means "thief", the other - the word "Cociulia", which means "shepherd." Gutsuliya also called "Ukrainian highlanders." Among them is still a strong tradition of quackery. Hutsul sorcerers called molfar. They can be black and white. Molfar enjoyed unquestioned authority.
The Hittite empire was one of the most influential forces in the geopolitical map of the ancient world. There appeared the first constitution, the first Hittites used chariots and revered the eagle, but information about the Hittites are still sketchy. These "tables of the courageous deeds of" the kings of many marks "the next year", but the year of the report is unknown. Chronology of the Hittite power we know from the sources of its neighbors. The question remains: where are the Hittites? Johannes Lehmann, in his book "The Hittites. People thousand gods "gives the version that the Hittites went to the north, where assimilated with the Germanic tribes. But this is only version.
Sumerians - the most interesting and still one of the most mysterious peoples of the ancient world. We do not know of where they came from or what language family belonged to their language. A large number of homonyms suggests that he was tone (such as modern Chinese), and therefore the meaning of what has been said often dependent on intonation. The Sumerians were one of the most advanced peoples of their time, they are the first in the Middle East have begun to use the wheel and created an irrigation system, invented a unique written language, Sumerian and knowledge in mathematics and astronomy hit so far.
Ancient Etruscan people suddenly emerged in human history, but just as suddenly it vanished. According to archaeologists, the Etruscans inhabited the north-western part of the peninsula and established a fairly advanced civilization there. It was founded by the Etruscans in Italy the first cities. Historians also believe that the Roman numerals can also be called Etruscan. It is not known where the Etruscans disappeared. According to one version, they moved east and became the ancestors of the Slavic ethnic group. Some scientists have argued that the Etruscan language in its structure is very similar to the Slavic.
The mystery is the origin of the Armenians. Versions set. Some scientists correlate with the Armenian people of the ancient state of Urartu, but a genetic component Urartians present in the genetic code of the Armenians as well as the genetic component of the same Hurrians and Luvians, not to mention the Proto-Armenians. There are Greek versions of the origin of the Armenians, as well as so-called "hayasskie hypothesis," in which the Armenians became Hayasa pervorodinoy - the territory east of the Hittite Kingdom. Scientists have not given a definitive answer to the question about the origin of Armenians and often follow a mixed-migration hypothesis Armenian ethnogenesis.
According to linguistic and genetic research, the ancestors of the Roma left the territory of India, in an amount not to exceed 1,000 people. Today, there are about 10 million Roma. In the Middle Ages the Roma in Europe was considered by the Egyptians. The word Gitanes - a derivative of the Egyptian. Tarot cards, which are considered the last remaining fragment of the cult of the Egyptian god Thoth, have been introduced into Europe is the Roma. They are not in vain called "Pharaoh's tribe." It was amazing for the Europeans, and that Roma embalmed their dead and buried in the crypts, which laid everything necessary for life after death. These burial traditions alive among Roma today.
Jews - one of the most mysterious of living people. For a long time it was thought that the concept of "Jewish" cultural rather than ethnic. That is to say that "the Jews" created Judaism, and not vice versa. In science, still it is a fierce debate that originally were only a Jews - the people, social class or religious denomination.
Mysteries in the history of the Jewish people a lot. At the end of the VIII century BC entirely disappeared five-sixths of the Jews - 10 of 12 etnosoobrazuyuschih birth. Where did they go - the big question. There is a version that from the Scythians and Cimmerians, as the descendants of the 10 tribes occur Finns, Swiss, Swedes, Norwegians, Irish, Welsh, French, Belgians, Dutch, Danish, Irish and Welsh, almost all European nations. Discussion is the question of the origin of Ashkenazi Jews, their proximity to the Middle Eastern Jews.
Guanches - the aborigines of Tenerife. The mystery of how they were in the Canary Islands, has not yet been solved, because they had no navy and did not have the skills of navigation. Their physical type did not match the latitude where they lived. Disputes cause and rectangular pyramid on the island of Tenerife, like the pyramids of the Mayan and Aztec Mexico. It is not known nor the time of their construction, or the purpose for which they were built.
Much has been written about the Khazars neighboring nations, but they left little information about yourself. How Khazars suddenly appeared on the scene, just as suddenly, they came down with it. Historians still no sufficient archaeological evidence, what are the Khazars, nor understand the language in which the Khazars said. And it is not known where they eventually disappeared. Versions set. Clarity there.
The age and origin of the Basque language - one of the biggest mysteries in modern history. Basque - Euskara, considered the only relic pre-Indo-language unrelated to any existing language family now. With regard to genetics, according to a study conducted in 2012, National Geographic Society, all Basques contain a set of genes that are significantly different from other surrounding nations.
Chaldeans - a Afro-Aramaic people who lived at the end of II - beginning I millennium BC. in South and Central Mesopotamia. In the years 626-538 BC Babylon rules Chaldean dynasty, founded the Neo-Babylonian Empire. The Chaldeans were a people that is still associated with magic and astrology. In ancient Greece and ancient Rome, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers were called priests of the Babylonian origin. The Chaldeans made the prediction Alexander the Great and his successors Antigonus and Seleucus.
Sarmatians - one of the most mysterious people in world history. Herodotus called them "yascherogolovymi" Lomonosov believed that the Slavs came from the Sarmatian and the Polish gentry called their direct descendants. Sarmatians left a lot of mysteries. They have probably been a matriarchy. Some scholars are of Sarmatian roots of Russian kokoshnik. Among them was a common custom of artificial deformation of the skull, through which man's head takes the form of an elongated egg.
Kalash - small people living in the north of Pakistan in the Hindu Kush mountains. He is probably most famous for "white" people of Asia. The debate about the origin of Kalash continues today. Kalash themselves believe that they - the descendants of Macedon. Kalash language phonologically called atypical, it has retained the basic structure of Sanskrit. Despite the attempts of Islamization, many remain polytheistic Kalash.
The modern name "Palestine" comes from "Philistia." Philistines - the most mysterious people of the mentioned in the Bible. In the Middle East, and once they have owned the Hittites steelmaking technology, marking the beginning of the Iron Age. The Bible says that this is happening to the people of the country of Caphtor (Crete), although some historians have correlated with the Philistines Pelasges. About Cretan origins of the Philistines show and Egyptian manuscripts and archaeological finds. Where did the Philistines, it is still not clear. Most likely, they were assimilated by the peoples of the Eastern Mediterranean.