It is interesting to learn how to change unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) from 1917 to the present day.
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1. "flying torpedo" Sperry, 1917. In just ten years before the Wright brothers' plane first flew over the dunes of Kitty Hawk, California. At the end of the First World aviation was still in its infancy, and it was a time of tremendous innovation. In 1917, Peter Cooper and Elmer Sperry created the first automatic gyroscopic stabilizer, which leveled the aircraft in flight, and it made possible the construction of an unmanned aircraft. With the use of new technology Curtiss N-9 altered in the drone, controlled by radio. He flew 50 miles of test flights with a 300-pound bomb, but never used in combat. (San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives / Flickr)
2. "flying torpedo" Kettering, 1917. The aircraft, called "Beetle Kettering» (Kettering Bug) cost $ 400 and could carry 300 pounds of payload. Engineer "General Motors" gave Charles Kettering "Bug", starts with a trolley, removable wings. US forces at the end of the First World made a large order for such aircraft, but the war ended and they had not yet applied. (OZinOH / Flickr)
3. DH.82B «Queen Bee», 1935. Until 1935, the UAVs are not able to return to the launch site, so it was impossible to re-use. Create UAV & quot; Queen Bee & quot; It became a new page in the unmanned aircraft. Apparatus with a ceiling of 5 km and a maximum speed of 170 km / h could go back to the start, and was used by the Royal Navy and the Air Force until 1947. (San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives / Flickr)
4. "V-1" weapon of retaliation, 1944. Adolf Hitler wanted to get a flying bomb that could be used against civilian targets, and in 1944, Wernher von Braun created the ancestor of today's cruise missiles. Maximum speed of the aircraft projectile was 656 km / h. Curb weight "V-1" is 2150 kg and the range - 240 km at a practical ceiling of 3050 meters. From explosions "V-1" in England, killing more than 900 civilians. (San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives / Flickr)