Remember this toy? Each child had the Soviet.
I wonder if someone left this?
I propose to plunge into the history of this amazing subject.
Kaleidoscope. Kaleidoscope events, a kaleidoscope of stories revolve like a kaleidoscope ... These clichés. But as a child with the word kaleidoscope occurred just one simple association - a toy. In general, children's toys often hide behind a long interesting history, toys are sometimes lifelong passion. Adults often adopt their hobbies in children. So, the way it was with stamps - stamps, first collected the children and played with them like candy wrappers, exchanged, boasted. Now seriously collect stamps is not only children hunt for stamps, they save money for years to come, someone is willing to give everything for some particularly valuable specimen, sometimes stamp collector is life. But we will not deviate far from the subject of our conversation today. Returning to the kaleidoscope.
This bright and seemingly simple, but fascinating child's toy invented in 1816 by Scottish physicist Sir David Brewster. Brewster since childhood interest in the properties of glass and light. In 10 years, he built his first telescope. Then there were years of study at the University of Edinburgh (by the way, Brewster was a child prodigy, he became a student at the age of 12), the study of optics and the physics of light, a lot of scientific discoveries. Interestingly, Brewster, a man is truly multi-faceted, almost became a preacher: a natural modesty prevented.
Out on the pulpit for the first time, Brewster literally lost his voice and never dared to preach. Contemporaries wrote that the day was grief for the Church and for the science of happiness. Science really got genius. However, Brewster - inventor of lenticular stereoscope, polygonal mirrors, and designer polarimeter lenses for lighthouses - ironically gained fame through a simple, seemingly, a child's toy. Brewster Kaleidoscope brought glory to the discoverer, but did not bring any money. The patent is registered as a too-track, and enterprising businessmen quickly mastered the technology and simple in its execution toys appeared in all stores.
The invention Brewster "paint" life - representatives of all classes and social classes, regardless of age, happily watching the bizarre patterns that never repeat. In fairness, I will say that Brewster was a man who loved the fortune - forty years he lived in a happy marriage, the father of four sons and two daughters. By the way, the youngest daughter born to his second wife (the first died when Brewster was 66 years old). Remarried crazy happy genius in the 75 years. Let us digress for a moment and add a story of patriotism. It is said that before the Brewster invented the kaleidoscope in Russia. And did it none other than the Lomonosov Michael Vasilyevich but did not occur to patent the "trifle».
Kaleidoscope David Prince Byustera its author fame, but only just. The patent was issued too late, and during that time many enterprising businessmen have time not only to appreciate the invention, but also to seize this new terrific idea. Soon in stores all over the country there were those simple in execution, but, at that time, quite original toys. Splashes of colored pieces of glass, mirrors multiply reflected, kaleidoscope burst into the monotonous life of the inhabitants of the time, regardless of age, class, and social status. Giving a kaleidoscope as a gift has become a good tradition of the Scottish.
When news of the marvelous European invention has come to America, it was already in 1870. The American scientist, Charles Busch, which was brought from one of Europe's kaleidoscope extremely interested in the new "toy". Over the years, he created and upgraded kaleidoscopes, tried to change their shape, tilt mirrors the contents. It Charles Bush created the first "desk Kaleidoscope" - a tube of black cardboard, with a bronze turning a ring on the end, slidably mounted on a beautiful wooden stand.
Kaleidoscope is not just a toy. The more I learned about him, the more I realized that this kaleidoscope of philosophy. Yes Yes exactly. You know, certainly compared with what a kaleidoscope, and compared this scientific papers devote whole? With mandala. There is even a legend that the Egyptians created the first time during his meditation something like a kaleidoscope, using highly polished pieces of limestone. Therefore it is especially dedicated to their passion collectors and artists, like kaleidoscopes confer some magical power of human exposure. They say that the mind is a kaleidoscope inspires and awakens the heart.
There are even whole areas with a kaleidoscope of meditation, people meditate, looking at patterns, there is even a special designation - meditoskop. Meditoskop even received its development, becoming chakroskopom. Chakroskop invented and created Meryl Ann Butler, artist, addicting color theory and its impact on the human body. The traditional colors used in the kaleidoscope, are responsible for certain areas in the chakras, and the human body. Meryl Butler added four more colors, which are traditionally responsible for the feminine (silver), masculine (gold), degeneration (fuchsia) and love (pink). Exercises with chakroskopom, according to Butler, allow the person to open his "inner vision».
Kaleidoscopes are used in medicine. Dr. Clifford Kuhn Head of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Kentucky began with collecting kaleidoscopes, and then bring them into their practice patients. Looking at patterns in a kaleidoscope, calms the nerves, relieves tension and stress. Now America and Europe this treatment is no longer exotic.
Kaleidoscope used musicians and composers, tuning in to the game or catching thoughts appeared in a new tune. It is believed that each color corresponds to a musical note: watching the patterns in a kaleidoscope, you see the music.
At a kaleidoscope of many fans: the children who are looking at patterns, as fun, and the artists who create complex and beautiful patterns, calculate the incredible compositions, selected materials, engineers, collectors, doctors and philosophers. Abroad, kaleidoscopes have become so popular that in 1986 Cousy Baker created a special society, bringing together all collectors and professionals, artists and theorists, producers and buyers - Brewster Kaleidoscope Society.
Perhaps it is impossible to cover all the what the company is a separate, huge world - the world of people who have left for the play of color and shapes. Speaking of forms, there are several types of kaleidoscopes. Actually classic kaleidoscope: a system of mirrors, which reflects the multi-colored pieces of glass. Teleydoskop - instead of tinsel-flowing in teleydoskope is normal lens, and a mosaic composed of objects of the world. Hybrid and teleydoskopa kaleidoscope - and the picture is made of glass and of the objects of the world. Paraskop, where you can observe the three-dimensional image. And oil kaleidoscope, where instead of pieces of glass - tube filled with a variety of oily liquid crystals.
Perhaps most of all, we are familiar with the kaleidoscope, is a plastic or metal tube with a rim at the end, but in fact the forms and types of kaleidoscopes are many, some of them - true works of art. But the world's largest kaleidoscope built in Japan in 2005 during the Expo. The pavilion was built in Nagoya Tower Earth. The walls of the triangular tower 47 meters high downward dripping to form different patterns depending on the direction of the solar rays. At the junction of the wall of the tower out of the jet of air, imitating the wind. The pavilion heard melodious sounds that emanated from three windmills installed near the tower. Inside the tower housed the world's largest kaleidoscope.
In classic kaleidoscope has a large number of models. They emerged in the nineteenth century. Afaneidoskop, debuskop and tiposkop - these are just a small list of names of relatives "brothers" kaleidoscope. Despite the seeming simplicity of toys, many inventors still it will improve, bringing in a simple design something different. Our compatriots and patented a number of inventions in the field of .. Abroad kaleidoscopes kaleidoscopes production turned into an independent art form. In 1986 he was created a society of fans kaleidoscopes «Brewster Kaleidoscope Society». In Russia, a similar organization yet.
It is poetically called Kaleidoscope in the "Dictionary" V.Dal "Uzornik - a tube with two mirrors wedge where colored glass reflected a star patterned, alternating, at any movement or circulation tube» (http: //www.dict.t -mm.ru/dal/k/kale.html)
How to make a kaleidoscope? What is it inside that allows you to see so many patterns that never repeat? These are just some questions that arise once in your hands gets a kaleidoscope. Unveil the veil of secrecy over the device of this toy.
Kaleidoscope - a source of inspiration. When you see endlessly folding patterns, you realize that the world is boundless, limitless as the human imagination.
Kaleidoscope - a generator of positive field. He is able to create a mood, to disperse the melancholy feel better. 15 minutes viewing a kaleidoscope of images comparable with 5 minutes of healthy laughter.
Kaleidoscope - a home therapist. It helps to relieve fatigue of the optic nerve, which is especially important in today's world of computers and electronics. And it improves the tone of the disease and accelerates the healing process
People who take it in hand, do not leave with him. 25 uzoroobrazuyuschih elements are not repeated within 500 mln. Years.