History kaleidoscope

Remember this toy? Each child had the Soviet.
I wonder if someone left this?
I propose to plunge into the history of this amazing subject.




Kaleidoscope. Kaleidoscope events, a kaleidoscope of stories revolve like a kaleidoscope ... These clichés. But as a child with the word kaleidoscope occurred just one simple association - a toy. In general, children's toys often hide behind a long interesting history, toys are sometimes lifelong passion. Adults often adopt their hobbies in children. So, the way it was with stamps - stamps, first collected the children and played with them like candy wrappers, exchanged, boasted. Now seriously collect stamps is not only children hunt for stamps, they save money for years to come, someone is willing to give everything for some particularly valuable specimen, sometimes stamp collector is life. But we will not deviate far from the subject of our conversation today. Returning to the kaleidoscope.



This bright and seemingly simple, but fascinating child's toy invented in 1816 by Scottish physicist Sir David Brewster. Brewster since childhood interest in the properties of glass and light. In 10 years, he built his first telescope. Then there were years of study at the University of Edinburgh (by the way, Brewster was a child prodigy, he became a student at the age of 12), the study of optics and the physics of light, a lot of scientific discoveries. Interestingly, Brewster, a man is truly multi-faceted, almost became a preacher: a natural modesty prevented.

Out on the pulpit for the first time, Brewster literally lost his voice and never dared to preach. Contemporaries wrote that the day was grief for the Church and for the science of happiness. Science really got genius. However, Brewster - inventor of lenticular stereoscope, polygonal mirrors, and designer polarimeter lenses for lighthouses - ironically gained fame through a simple, seemingly, a child's toy. Brewster Kaleidoscope brought glory to the discoverer, but did not bring any money. The patent is registered as a too-track, and enterprising businessmen quickly mastered the technology and simple in its execution toys appeared in all stores.



The invention Brewster "paint" life - representatives of all classes and social classes, regardless of age, happily watching the bizarre patterns that never repeat. In fairness, I will say that Brewster was a man who loved the fortune - forty years he lived in a happy marriage, the father of four sons and two daughters. By the way, the youngest daughter born to his second wife (the first died when Brewster was 66 years old). Remarried crazy happy genius in the 75 years. Let us digress for a moment and add a story of patriotism. It is said that before the Brewster invented the kaleidoscope in Russia. And did it none other than the Lomonosov Michael Vasilyevich but did not occur to patent the "trifle».

Kaleidoscope David Prince Byustera its author fame, but only just. The patent was issued too late, and during that time many enterprising businessmen have time not only to appreciate the invention, but also to seize this new terrific idea. Soon in stores all over the country there were those simple in execution, but, at that time, quite original toys. Splashes of colored pieces of glass, mirrors multiply reflected, kaleidoscope burst into the monotonous life of the inhabitants of the time, regardless of age, class, and social status. Giving a kaleidoscope as a gift has become a good tradition of the Scottish.

When news of the marvelous European invention has come to America, it was already in 1870. The American scientist, Charles Busch, which was brought from one of Europe's kaleidoscope extremely interested in the new "toy". Over the years, he created and upgraded kaleidoscopes, tried to change their shape, tilt mirrors the contents. It Charles Bush created the first "desk Kaleidoscope" - a tube of black cardboard, with a bronze turning a ring on the end, slidably mounted on a beautiful wooden stand.



Kaleidoscope is not just a toy. The more I learned about him, the more I realized that this kaleidoscope of philosophy. Yes Yes exactly. You know, certainly compared with what a kaleidoscope, and compared this scientific papers devote whole? With mandala. There is even a legend that the Egyptians created the first time during his meditation something like a kaleidoscope, using highly polished pieces of limestone. Therefore it is especially dedicated to their passion collectors and artists, like kaleidoscopes confer some magical power of human exposure. They say that the mind is a kaleidoscope inspires and awakens the heart.

There are even whole areas with a kaleidoscope of meditation, people meditate, looking at patterns, there is even a special designation - meditoskop. Meditoskop even received its development, becoming chakroskopom. Chakroskop invented and created Meryl Ann Butler, artist, addicting color theory and its impact on the human body. The traditional colors used in the kaleidoscope, are responsible for certain areas in the chakras, and the human body. Meryl Butler added four more colors, which are traditionally responsible for the feminine (silver), masculine (gold), degeneration (fuchsia) and love (pink). Exercises with chakroskopom, according to Butler, allow the person to open his "inner vision».

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