With the advent of the new year we are waiting for an unforgettable experience fresh and grandiose plans. Let us look back for a moment and look at what all took with him in 2010?
47 photo + letter
The language that we lost
In January 2010, he died on the Andaman Islands Boa Average - the last person who knew the language "Bo". The woman was 85 years old.
One of the main reasons that led to the extinction of the language "Bo" is considered to be colonized the Andaman Islands in the United Kingdom in 1858, which brought new diseases to indigenous populations, which the natives did not know how to fight. In just 150 years, the number of carriers of the ancient language "Bo" has decreased from 5000 up to fifty people.
According to estimates of 357 linguists spoken on our planet are less than 50 carriers and 46 languages know just 1 person.
According to UNESCO entirely extinct at the moment can be considered as 229 languages, 15 of which (such as Kamassian and Ubykh) previously used in Russia.
In the photo - Boa Wed, with whom died language "Bo", keeps a close to nature, lost modern languages and cultures.
Machines that we lost
Arisen as a result of the conversion of the US Army All-terrain "Humvee» (HMMWV M998) in 1992 eliminated Hummer brand in 2010. May 26 from the last SUV rolled off the Hummer. One of the most important popularizers of this brand cars General Motors was Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Hammer was famous for its huge size, environmentally unfriendly and high fuel consumption.
Due to the sharp decline in demand for Hummer and unstable financial situation, General Motors since 2008 tried to sell the brand. But the attempts were unsuccessful, and in early 2010 the company was forced to announce the elimination of divisions "Hammer".
Again, because of the financial problems of General Motors in 2009, said the planned discontinuation of the Pontiac-branded cars. A 31 October 2010 the brand with more than 100 years of history, finally ceased to exist.
After a sharp drop in demand for cars Saturn, General Motors tried to sell the brand. However, due to lack of buyers also liquidate it. Since its foundation (1985) has sold more than 4 million. Saturn vehicles.
Chrysler PT Cruiser (Chrysler PT Cruiser)
Back in 2009, the corporation "Chrysler" will make a statement about the planned discontinuation of the full five-seat front-wheel drive Chrysler PT Cruiser, the last of which was released on July 9, 2010.
People who we lost
January 27 at the age of 91 died an American writer, author of the famous novel "The Catcher in the Rye" Jerome David Salinger.
January 11 at the age of 89 years died French director Eric Rohmer.
February 21, died 82-year-old director and screenwriter of Russia Vladimir Motyl Ya, one of the cult films of which - "White Sun of the Desert»
February 11, committed suicide 40-year-old British fashion designer - Lee Alexander McQueen, had fallen into a depression after the death of his mother.
March 22 due to a serious illness died Soviet and Russian singer - Valentina Tolkunova. She was only 63 years old.
March 27 from cardiovascular disease, died 89-year-old chess player Vasily Smyslov, who became the seventh chess champion.
April 10 in a plane crash killed 60-year-old Polish President Lech Kaczynski.
May 29 at the age of 74 years died an American actor and director Dennis Hopper.
June 3 dead Soviet and Russian mathematician, author of works in theoretical mechanics and the theory of differential equations - Vladimir I. Arnold.
September 29 by stopping 86 year of age died of heart Tony Curtis - American actor, starring in the film "The Sweet Smell of Success," "The Defiant Ones", "Some Like It Hot" and others.
June 1 after a long illness at the age of 77 years, died one of the most famous poets of the sixties - Andrei Voznesensky.
October 1 died of a heart attack 77-year-old Mikhail Roshchin - novelist, playwright and screenwriter from Russia.
7 January 63 rd, died director of Museum of Architecture. Shchusev, art, documentary filmmaker and psychologist - Ashotovich David Sargsyan, has established itself as an active defender of the architectural and historical heritage of Russia.
April 8 died English musician and producer of «Sex Pistols» Malcolm McLaren, who was 64 years old.
April 21, died 89-year-old Juan Antonio Samaranch - the seventh president of the International Olympic Committee, recognized as one of the most prominent figures of the Olympic movement of the 20th century.
18 November at the 75th year of life, died one of the best goalkeepers of the Soviet Union, who after completing his football career commentator - Vladimir Nikitivich Maslachenko.
May 7 at the age of 88 years died a Russian translator and linguist K. Solomon Apt
He died May 22, Martin Gardner - American mathematician and writer.
On Nov. 28, a hospital bed, died 84-year-old Leslie Nielsen - Canadian and American comedian.
November 29 the 74th year of life, died a famous Soviet and Russian poet Bella Akhmadulina Ahatovna, who starred in the films "He lives a guy" and "Sports, sports, sports."
The time that we lost
Just two time zones in Russia, disappeared on March 28.
The corresponding decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, during the transfer clock to daylight saving time, Samara region and Udmurtia, formerly ahead of Moscow 1 hour, moved to Moscow time, and Chukotka and Kamchatka (MSK + 9) - to Magadan (MSK + 8).
In addition, the Kemerovo passed Omsk time.
The last big liquidation of time zones was held in China, the Chinese Communists after the proclamation of the People's Republic of China and the return to Beijing his capital functions in 1949, when instead of the 5 time zones were introduced unified Beijing time.
Most likely, in Russia on March 28 this year, it has been implemented only the first stage of the "hour of reform." According to Professor Tishkov it is expected that at the optimum in Russia will remain only six time zones.
Photo: Wrist Watch Breguet Classique Moon Phase. According to the newspaper "Vedomosti" wristwatch President Dmitry Medvedev are 32 thousand. Dollars. For comparison, the wristwatch in white gold Bovet Ramzan Kadyrov are about 300 thousand. Dollars.
Tasks that we lost
Clay Mathematics Institute officially recognized Perelman contribution to the objectives of the Millennium, and March 18, 2010 Millennium Prize awarded to him. Perelman in 2002 put on the Internet the proof of the Poincare conjecture. But disagreed with the decision of the committee, mathematician refused to award a million dollars.
Now we have to solve six of the seven millennium problems, which include: the equality of classes P and NP, conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture Hodge Yang - Mills theory, the Riemann hypothesis and the existence and smoothness of solutions of the Navier - Stokes).
Technologies that we have lost
Cassette player Walkman (Uolkmen)
The first Walkman cassette players were released by Sony in 1979, the last - in April 2010. October 25, cassette Walkman were withdrawn from sale by Sony.
The first portable personal stereoaudiopleer called Stereobelt was invented by Brazilian Andreas Pavel in 1972. Sony has since 1980 been negotiating with Paul Andreas respect to royalties, but the final agreement on this issue was adopted only in 2003. Under the agreement, Sony Andreas gratia payments of about 10 million. Dollars, and agreed to make royalties from sales of cassette players.
The reactor for plutonium production ADE-2
April 16 in accordance with the Order of the Civil Code "Rosatom" was stopped plutonium reactor ADE-2 in the city of Zheleznogorsk. The reactor is designed to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons, and the production of electricity and heat was launched in 1964. The United States back in the mid 90s decommissioned all of its plutonium reactors. Russia was moving in that direction a little slower and the reactor ADE-2 - was the last plutonium reactor in the world.
Now, heat and electricity to the city of Zheleznogorsk TPP will provide.
Prohibited cluster weapons
Cluster munitions - a thin-walled bomb curb aviation mines or small bombs of various purpose (pritivotankovymi, anti etc). Unfortunately, the victims of these weapons often becomes the civilian population, especially children.
An international convention prohibiting the use of cluster munitions, entered into force on 1 August 2010. It should be noted that Russia, China and the United States is the largest producer of cluster munitions, this agreement is not signed.
Art, we have lost
Loss of the Museum of Modern Art in Paris
May 20 from the museum were stolen paintings "Lady with a Fan" by Amedeo Modigliani, "Pigeon with Peas" by Pablo Picasso, "Olive tree near L'Estaka" Georges Braque, "Pastoral" by Henri Matisse and "Still life with candlesticks" by Fernand Leger. Security cameras recorded that the robber alone rendered all the pictures, the total value of the specified data amounted to about 120 million. Dollars.
Losses Museum Mahmoud Khalil in Cairo
August 21 of the museum has been stolen painting "Poppies" and "Vase with red poppies" Vincent Van Gogh worth more than fifty million. Dollars. The canvas was cut from its frame and made of Mahmoud Khalil museum shortly after it was opened for visitors. The picture has already stolen in 1978, but found only after 10 years in Kuwait.
Burned down the royal tomb of Kasubi in Uganda
Kasubi Tomb, which buried several of Buganda Kings (Uganda) were burned on March 16.
Burial was more than 130 years, since 2001, it was part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site and was very popular among tourists. The population was displeased impotence before the raging flames of fire. Machinery fire brigade were stoned, and during a visit to the fire site President Yoweri Museveni had staged riots.
It is known that the body buried four monarchs (Mutesa I, Mwangi II, Daudi Jwa II and Sir Edward Mutesa II) remained untouched by fire.
COSMOS, we have lost
In October, Barack Obama signed an order to suspend the space program "Constellation", which began in 2004, George W. Bush. As part of the development of manned spaceflight developed research ship "Orion" rocket "Ares-1" and "Ares-5" and the lunar module "Altair". By 2020, it was planned to replace the fleet of space shuttles of the United States. Obama came to the conclusion that a program of human space exploration should be partially closed, concentrating on the development of robotic research. Create a space transport entrusted to private companies. In a personal letter to Barack Obama's famous astronaut Neil Armstrong, James Lovell and Eugene Cernan said that due to the cancellation of "Constellation" as the US space power will go in the second or third row.
Image: tests in Moses Lake, Washington. The prototype lunar truck: each pair of wheels rotating independently and in either direction - to avoid slipping in the lunar dust.
The money that we lost
In Russia, 1 January 2010 was completely stopped issuing paper banknotes of 10 rubles, which in the long term should be superseded by steel copper-plated coins corresponding advantages. According to Bank of Russia estimates, more durable coin just 10 years would save about 18 billion. Rubles, which went on to manufacture replacement of worn paper ten-ruble denomination. Because of the inconvenience but the increased weight of the purse, is the inability of a terminal payments are not multiples of 50 rubles.
Grebe, we have lost
May 26, 2010 was officially recognized as an extinct Alaotra Grebe (Tachybaptus rufolavatus), is on the verge of extinction in the first half of the 1980s. Lived Alaotra Grebe on Lake Alaotra, located on the island of Madagascar. Their distinguishing feature is the little wings, do not allow them to long flights.
Grebes are a victim of human activity (depletion of fish stocks in the lake, activities of poachers). According to the International Committee for the Conservation of Nature (Conservation International) on our planet is dying every day more than 150 species of plants and animals, some of which still remain unknown.
Forests that we lost
Because of the unusually hot and dry summer in Russia there were more than 30 thousand. Forest fires, which in addition to millions of hectares of forests destroyed about 130 settlements.
According to figures reported in October, the Ministry, in the country due to the heatwave in the period from June to August 2010, killing 55,800 people, which is almost completely coincided with the schedule of mortality, published in September, the head of the Institute of Economic Analysis Andrei Illarionov.
October 24 presidential term expired in Kalmykia Kirsan Nikolayevich Ilyumzhinov. Kirsan Nikolaevich, refused to run for a fifth term, supporting the policies of President of the Russian Federation, aimed at updating heads of regions of the country. The former president of Kalmykia hit the public that was not afraid to speak openly about his contacts with extraterrestrials.
Mintimer Shaimiev January 22, 2010 recused himself from the post of President of the Republic of Tatarstan. This post he held from June 1991 and became the record for the length of stay in the sweat among the heads of the subjects of the country.
September 28 from his post as a measure of Moscow Dmitry Medvedev ahead of schedule was shot Yuri Luzhkov - the inventor of the water decontamination methods, teat cup and methods of production of various foods and beverages.
This year did not become the subjects of the Russian Federation and presidents.
November 2 by the State Duma in the first reading was approved a bill banning the heads of subjects of the Russian Federation referred to as presidents.
TV, we lost
May 23 television channel ABC was shown last series of the series "Lost» (Lost). In order to make the ending as clear for the viewers, the creators of the show had to make him an epilogue. But even after seeing it, viewers are given a number of issues. It is not clear were the sources of financing the purchase of food after the close of the organization Dharma, the cause of the van on the island, the way will be able to help Michael, Walt, etc.
This year, in mid-December on CNN released the latest edition of the show Larry King Live. The show began its existence in 1985. And that's Larry King, former Russian President Vladimir Putin said that really happened on the submarine "Kursk".
Pandemic that we lost
The World Health Organization on August 10 made a formal declaration of the end of the pandemic (an epidemic) a virus A / H1N1, known as swine flu.
According to some reports, the ad itself pandemic A / H1N1 virus was false and baseless fears inspire people who have played into the hands of the pharmaceutical companies, in collusion with some media and WHO
INDEPENDENCE, who lost FIJI
In 2010, the Republic of the Fiji Islands celebrated the 40th anniversary of its independence. And in the same year from the head of the State Archives Sahles Ikanivai received a complaint about the loss of the decree confirming the independence of Fiji. Fortunately, the copy of the document is preserved in the National Archives of the United Kingdom.
This year was found a copy of the declaration of independence of the Republic of Haiti, which is considered to be lost.
The island, which we lost
India and Bangladesh for over 30 years, argue about them uninhabited island South Talpatti an area of about 10 square meters. km. Their dispute was resolved in a natural way - in 2010 the island went under the water. Because of sea-level rise, which blamed global warming in the region under the water was gone controversial island Lohacharya and most Ghoramary, and scientists predict flooding of 20% of the coastal area of Bangladesh in 2050.
Magazine, which we lost
In October this year, the last issue of the weekly magazine Russian Newsweek. Release it was stopped for economic reasons.
According to the magazine Esquire