Now none of the main Kremlin towers is unimaginable without fine ruby stars. The historic moment (setting five-pointed star), which occurred October 24, 1935, the spiers of the Kremlin towers decorated with two-headed eagles. The creators of these ruby star was so skillfully and harmoniously enter the characters in the image of the ancient and beautiful towers that now they seem inseparable sequel. I suggest you learn 7 interesting facts about the Kremlin stars
Why is a symbol of Soviet power was precisely five-pointed star is not known, but it is known that lobbied for this character Leon Trotsky. Seriously addicted to spirituality, he knew that the star, pentagram, has a very powerful energy potential and is one of the most powerful symbols. The symbol of the new state could easily become a swastika, whose cult was very strong in Russia at the beginning of the XX century. The swastika was depicted in "kerenki" swastika painted on the wall of the Ipatiev House Empress Alexandra Feodorovna before being shot, but almost the sole decision of Trotsky's Bolsheviks decided on a five-pointed star. The history of the XX century more will show that "star" stronger "swastika" ... The stars shone, and over the Kremlin, replacing the double-headed eagles.
Hoist tysyachekillogrammovye stars on the Kremlin towers was not an easy task. The catch was that the best technology in 1935 was not simple. The height of the lowest towers Borovitskaya, 52 meters, the highest, the Trinity - 72 tower cranes such a height in the country was not, but for Russian engineers, there is no word "no", there is the word "necessary". Specialists Stalprommehanizatsii designed and built for each tower a special crane, which can be installed on its top tier. At the base of the tent through the turret window was mounted metal base - console. It was collected by a crane. For example, in several stages, first held dismantling double eagles, and then hoisting the stars.
Reconstruction of tower
The weight of each of the stars of the Kremlin reached a ton. Given the height at which they were to stay and sail surface of each star (6, 3 meters), there is a danger that the stars simply throwing up with the tops of the towers. Tower, it was decided to test for resistance. No wonder: the upper part of the towers and arches tents come in a dilapidated condition. Reinforced masonry builders upper floors of the towers, in the tents of the Saviour, Trinity and Borovitskaya towers additionally introduced metallic bonds. Tent Nicholas tower was so dilapidated that it had to build anew.
So different and Werth
Do not have the same stars. Four stars differ from each other decoration. On the faces of the stars of the Spasskaya tower were coming from the center of the beams. Trinity Tower on the star-rays were made in the form of spikes. Star Borovitskaya tower consisted of two contour inscribed into one another, and the rays of the star Nicholas tower picture had not. Star Spasskaya and Nikolskaya Towers were similar in magnitude. The distance between the ends of four beams was 5 meters. Star Trinity and Borovitskaya towers were smaller. The distance between the ends of beams are respectively 4 and 3, 5 meters. Stars - it's good, but whirling stars - doubly good. Moscow is big, a lot of people, all must see the Kremlin stars. At the base of each star have established special bearings manufactured at the First Bearing Plant. Because of this, in spite of considerable weight, the stars could easily rotate, turning the "face" to the wind. According to the location of stars, so you can judge which way the wind blows.
Installing the Kremlin stars has become a real treat for Moscow. The stars did not carry the dead of night on Red Square. The day before the hoisting of the towers of the Kremlin stars put on display in the park to them. Gorky. Together with mere mortals at the stars come to see the secretary of city and district of the CPSU (b), in the spotlight shone and sparkled Ural gems rays stars. Eagles shot from the towers, installed here, demonstrating dilapidated "old" and the beauty of the "new" world.
Kremlin stars were not always ruby. The first stars, established in October 1935 were from high-alloy stainless steel and red copper. In the middle of each star, with both sides lined with glittering gems hammer and sickle emblem. Gems in a year have faded, and the stars were too big and does not fit well into the architectural ensemble. In May 1937, it was decided to establish a new star - glowing, ruby. Then the four towers with stars added another one - Vodovzvodnaya. Ruby glass was brewed in a glass factory in Konstantinovka, prescription Moscow steklovara N. Kurochkin. We had to cook 500 square meters of ruby glass, which was invented a new technology - "selenium ruby." Prior to that, to achieve the desired color in the glass added gold; Selenium - it is cheaper and deeper color.
Kremlin stars are not only turning, but also the light. To avoid overheating and damage through the stars passed about 600 cubic meters of air per hour. Stars do not face power outage, because their energy is produced independently. Lamps for the Kremlin stars worked at the Moscow Lamp Factory. The power of three - the Spassky, Nicholas and Trinity towers - 5000 watts and 3700 watts - on Borovitskaya and Vodovzvodnaya. In each mounted two filament connected in parallel. If the fuse continues to burn a lamp, and the control panel enters the fault. To change the bulbs to a star does not have to rise, the lamp goes down on a special rod right through the bearing. On the whole procedure requires 30-35 minutes. In the history of the stars went out twice. Once - during the war, the second - during the filming of "The Barber of Siberia".