Milestones in the history of aviation

It is time to share with you about the development of aviation industry since the advent of the first aircraft and up to the present day. Especially in light of the fact that some of the keys are not as well known as their "followers».

Logically, the first in our selection is the first in the history of the aircraft «Flyer I», which is less than a year created the legendary Wright brothers in 1903. December 17 that year, their aircraft flew 36, 5 meters at a height of about three meters. The flight was 12 seconds.

The first passenger plane had been modified from the cargo plane "Ilya Muromets" development Igor Sikorsky. February 12, 1914, the year the aircraft was flown 16 people and a dog. Managed Sikorsky aircraft itself.

Also, the "Ilya Muromets" records belong capacity and status of the first heavy bomber squadron of aircraft and the world's first combat unit bombers.

Next on the list was the creation of the Howard Hughes - the only one in the history of the giant wooden seaplane wingspan of which (97, 54 meters) is still a world record. This wonderful goose, we already told you more.

One of the most popular passenger and cargo aircraft in the history of American aviation is considered «Douglas DC-3", whose first flight took place on December 17, 1935.

In total, it was issued more than 16 thousand aircraft of this model, several hundred of them are still raised in the air. The reliability of the device is also supported by the release of licensing in the USSR (the SS-84 and Li-2), and Japan (Showa L2D).

The only aircraft that was armed with nuclear weapons, was the American B-29s. It became known on the planet after the tragic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

It applies not only during the Second World War, and the Korean War (1950-53). Last aircraft series named Fifi, is still flying.

Now let's talk about the most massive in the history of aviation aircraft. American aircraft Cessna 172 Skyhawk is available from 1955 to the present day. During this time, the manufacturer has released more than 43 million units in almost 30 modifications.

The first passenger jet, which successfully maintained is considered to be Boeing 707, whose first flight took place on 15 July 1954. A total of 1010 pieces were produced.

The record speed was and still is an American Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, which is the informal name "Blackbird". The aircraft showed a record rate in 1966, more than three times breaking the speed of sound. The recorded maximum speed - 3529, 6 km / h.

Nearly the whole body of the aircraft was made of titanium. The plane could not take off on their own and with full tanks, so took off with half-empty and then refueled in the air.

World record for distance flight without refueling and landing aircraft owned by Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer, which orbited the planet for 67 hours and one minute.

Record Set the owner of the single plane, Steve Fossett from February 28 to March 3, 2005-year.

Record-duty member of the AN-225 "Mriya", which was released in a single copy. The second copy is ready to just 2/3. The first flight took place on December 21, 1988. The maximum takeoff weight is 640,000 kilograms.

Currently successfully exploited Ukrainian airline. In fact, the plane was designed for transportation of bulky items of space shuttle "Buran" and himself.

The first ever supersonic passenger aircraft is considered to be Tu-144, which flies only between Moscow and the capital of the Kazakh SSR (Alma-Ata) from the first of November 1977 to June 1, 1978-th.

However, the first flight took place nine years earlier, 28 December 1968. There were performed 102 passenger flights. The reason for the termination of such operations become another catastrophe of a new prototype. At the moment, none of the 16 aircraft in the air does not rise.

The largest passenger airliner is the Airbus A380, which is able to transport up to 853 passengers!

The latest in our collection is becoming a legend of passenger flights and their real character - Boeing 747. which a few years ago belonged to the record for the spaciousness (over 37 years).

In operation since 1969. The number of produced aircraft will soon reach 1,500!


See also

New and interesting