1. The shortest place name - «Å», it is located in Sweden and Norway. In Scandinavian languages «Å» means "river". The image above - one of the newly replaced road signs - they are frequently stolen as souvenirs.
2. The largest city in the world - (area) Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia (China), an area of square kilometers 263 953 (102 000 sq. Miles).
3. Lesotho, Vatican and San Marino - the only countries completely surrounded by the territory of another state. Lesotho is completely surrounded by South Africa, and the Vatican and San Marino are closely adjacent to Italy.
4. The second longest in the world is the geographical name of «Taumatawhakatangihangak oauauotamateaturipukaka pikimaungahoronukupokaiwhe nua kitanatahu» (85 letters), which is given to the hill in New Zealand, and the Maori language means "there was Tamatea, the man with the big knees, who was trying to climb up the cliff but he slipped while playing the flute your favorite. " It was the longest until recently (though the Guinness Book of Records still regards it as the longest), but has been supplanted by the name of Krung thep maha nakorn amorn ratana kosin-mahintar ayutthay amaha dilok phop noppa ratrajathani burirom udom rajaniwes-mahasat harn amorn phimarn avatarn sathit sakkattiya visanukamprasit in Thailand (163 characters).