In order to become an outstanding con artist of great intelligence or talent is required. One impudence enough ...
1. Joyce Hatto has released more than 100 albums recorded by other people
Joyce Hatto has long been a concert pianist - so very ordinary. ... While it is not a terrible diagnosis - cancer. But paradoxically, this sad event of a sudden gave Joyce the opportunity to fulfill the dream of his life: she took up classical music at home, which is called "the soul."
From that moment (she left the stage in 1976) until his death in 2006, she has released more than 100 CD, which produced a furor among music fans. Critics praised her performance skills in every way, calling "the greatest living pianist, about which no one had heard before."
A year after the death of the "great pianist" American lover of classical music by the name of Brian Ventura bought a disc of "Transcendental Etudes" Hatto Liszt performed and used to listen to their media player iTunes. And the record player is automatically defined as a pianist Laszlo Shimon released on the record company BIS! Shocked, Brian announced his unexpected discovery known music critic Jed Distler. He started digging and found that almost all records Hutto, allegedly made a home in the studio - to steal.
For suddenly opened "an extraordinary musical talent" Hutto, as it turned out, hiding the name of 91 pianists from around the world. The idea was the result of fraud creativity of the Hutto family and her husband's record industry figure, William Barrington-Kupa. For more convincing wife even came up with his own orchestra conductor of Holocaust survivors. No orchestra or conductor has never really existed.
Hutto was "lucky" not to live up to his own revelations, but her husband, pripёrtomu irrefutable evidence against the wall, had to admit in all. He said that the borrowed pieces from the records of various pianists, to put them in the places that his wife did not come out. But since many works have been "borrowed" as a whole, there was from the very Hutto is anyone's guess.
2. Hardy Rodenshtok earns millions by selling fake wine lovers of the most subtle
In 1985, the American businessman Bill Koch laid out half a million dollars for four bottles of Château Lafite harvest in 1787 from the collection of Thomas Jefferson. The authenticity was confirmed at the bottom of a bottle engraved with the initials «TJ»
Seller named Hardy Rodenshtok superstar was known among collectors of elite drinks. Before you get excited about wines Rodenshtok was a music producer and professor, and gained his stardom, arranging countless tastings with an incredible amount of invaluable testing samples. He managed to earn fabulous money by selling wine for a hundred thousand a bottle, even if their taste, to be honest, left much to be desired.
First there were rumors that the contents of the bottles, which acquired Bill Koch could not cost more than most average wine from the usual supermarket. When they reached the ears of Koch, he was furious and decided to whatever was to find the truth and justice. On investigation, he spent a few million. But - the truth is more expensive.
It turned out that Jefferson's initials were engraved on the bottles using ordinary dental drill, which was found in the same room where a mixture of different wines prepared "rare" samples and bottled.
Even past Rodenshtoka proved fake - any professor he had never been. Indeed cheater named Meinhard Goerke, in the past - an ordinary engineer.
How did he get so long led by the nose the most eminent connoisseurs? Firstly, the statements that he made concerning the wines were so incredible that no one had not occurred, that this can just go and invent. Second, none of the expert had no idea what really has to be the taste of wine, which is 250 years old.
Oh, and before you invite potential buyers to taste their hash, so Rodenshtok their "handles" that none of them was no longer able to distinguish between Riesling 1792 from the tap water.
The easiest way to somehow manage to turn the fraudsters exactly those circuits that "after the fight," seem quite obvious.
3. Chunpin Lin and his fake bank
In 2010, Lin Chunpin was the real star of the financial world. In the presentation of the hero story went like this:
He had just spent a deal to buy one of the US banks - Atlantic Bank is headquartered in Delaware, affected by the global economic crisis and filed for bankruptcy in late 2008. At first, the Americans asked for $ 600 million, but the Chinese businessman as a result of negotiations conducted brilliantly managed to reduce the price. Then he renamed the bank USA New HSBC Federation Consortium Inc. And now he has $ 40 million in accounts and tёplenkoe place on the advisory board of the Government of China.
Everything would be fine if it were not for the damned journalists who went to ring anywhere and everywhere on the US bank rescue brave Chinese. Because, in the end, the story heard and those who really know the situation. There were also those who are not too lazy to check the history and Lina. It turned out that the bank, which he allegedly bought in nature never existed.
When asked for an explanation from the Chunpinya, of course he was embarrassed - but not really. And he began to get out, saying that got a little excited, a little exaggerated. Then he said that the Atlantic Bank of America - only the code name for the bank, the acquisition of which it is right now negotiating. And because the negotiations are confidential, no details, he could not tell.
The Chinese authorities were not satisfied with the explanations Chunpina and, most likely, the next ten years too quick businessman will have to spend behind bars.
4. Andrew Wakefield vaccine against
Vaccinations against measles supposed to do every child in the age of 12-15 months. But these days, some parents give them up - often heard somewhere that the vaccination of children may develop autism. It does not matter from whom they got this information because the source is here alone - Dr. Andrew Wakefield.
In 1998, Wakefield and 12 of his fellow scientists published the results of studies on the problems in mental development and functioning of the gastrointestinal tract of twelve children. On suspicion of some parents, these children are having problems just after vaccination. Wakefield had a lot of all sorts of different tests and came to the conclusion that between the vaccines and diseases of children there is a connection.
Then Wakefield launched a massive campaign against the vaccine, such as the consequences of bullying parents of autistic children and other, no less frightening diseases.
Just want to say that the safety of vaccines against measles, rubella and mumps, as well as the absence of any link between vaccines and autism were confirmed by several large-scale studies.
However, Wakefield's campaign was a great success. Fierce debates took place over several years and caused a catastrophic decrease in the percentage of children who had been vaccinated.
What was a fraud?
To begin with, even those scientists that worked directly with Wakefield failed to repeat his results. It turned out that he had manipulated the data to get the children reportedly fell ill after vaccination. Those results that did not fit into his theory Vaykfild simply discarded. And all this time spent useless and often very painful for the child tests.
Why would he do that?
Before you begin a campaign to discredit the current vaccine, Wakefield had applied for a new - its own development. In addition, studies were funded by Wakefield lawyers participated in them twelve children. The parents of eight out of ten children associated with their disease vaccines, and lawyers needed solid evidence that could be used against vaccine manufacturers.
Results of the study proved to be so in fact doubtful that the 10 authors and publisher of the scientific journal, in which they were published, he hastened to disown them. Sam Andrew Wakefield admitted that he conducted his investigation in violation of ethical norm.Istochnik: