Mental disorders can occur as a result of completely different causes: genetics, traumatic brain injury, acceptance or cancellation of some medicines. Even banal alcohol abuse can also lead to very unpleasant consequences for the psyche. In this article we will talk about the most bizarre and unusual mental disorders, which are officially registered in medicine.
Capgras syndrome. B>
More is a disorder called "double negative nonsense." This is a special area of psychiatry syndrome, in which the patient believes that someone from his entourage (husband, wife, parents, etc.), or himself replaced his double. In the latter case, the patient asserts that bad deeds, which is credited with its authorship, made his double, which is exactly like him. The disease is divided into two types: autoskopichesky - when the patient is convinced that he sees double, and, in fact, Capgras syndrome - when double is invisible
Stendhal Syndrome. B>
Mental disorder characterized by frequent palpitations, dizziness and hallucinations. These symptoms are seen when a person is under the influence of works of art, so often syndrome occurs in the place of their concentration - museums, art galleries. Symptoms may cause not only art, but also the excessive beauty of nature: natural phenomena, animals are incredibly beautiful people. Most often, a crisis during a visit to one of the 50 museums of Florence, the cradle of the Renaissance. Suddenly, the visitor is struck by the depth of feeling that the artist put into his work. He unusually acute senses emotions, as if the image is transferred to the space. The reactions of the victims of the syndrome vary up to hysteria, or attempts to destroy the picture. Despite the relative rarity of the syndrome, the guards Florentine museums are taught how to deal with the victims of this syndrome.
Van Gogh Syndrome. B>
This unusual syndrome occurs when the patient is either itself operates, or insists on a particular operation. It occurs in schizophrenia, BDD, Dismorphomania. Named after the world-renowned Dutch and French-postimpressionist artist who allegedly suffered from this mental disorder during acute illness has made himself amputated ear. In fact, Van Gogh cut off his ear at the time of the obfuscation after a row with Gauguin, but be that as it may, the legend gave the familiar name of the syndrome.
savant syndrome. B>
Quite a rare condition in which a person with developmental disabilities (including autism nature) are the "island of genius" - outstanding abilities in one or more areas of expertise, contrasting with the general limitations of the individual. This syndrome can be either genetic or acquired. A person with savant syndrome may be difficult to read, making 40 errors on the page when writing, but it is easy to multiply six-digit numbers in his mind, or say what day of the week will have 23 May 3016 year.
disorganized syndrome. B>
Psychopathological syndrome characterized by the presence of behavioral traits expressed childish, foolish. Patients in the disorganized state loudly and laughing nadryvisto build faces all in a row, jumping on their beds or roll on the floor, stick to others with ridiculous jokes and strange antics.
Prosonochnye state. B>
Usually it occurs during partial awakening from sleep in a phase of slow eye movements. In these states, distorted perception of the environment, sometimes the real events intertwine with dreams, possible hallucinations, unstable delusions. Hard correct assessment of the situation, there is an affect of aggression, the actions are uninterpreted character and sometimes become socially dangerous. That is, a person can walk, talk, work, but remain essentially in a dream. Most interesting is that after all the acts done in these states, amneziruyutsya of prosonochnogo state.
Such a violation of perception, in which the world is perceived as unreal or remote, deprived of their colors and which can be impaired memory. Sometimes accompanied by a state of "déjà vu" (deja vu) or "never had seen" (jamais vu). Derealization not a psychotic disorder and belongs to the category of neurotic disorders - people in most cases fully retains control of himself, and the adequacy of sanity, but derealization significantly impairs quality of life
Cotard syndrome. B>
Special depressive delirium, which is combined with the ideas of vastness, of exaggeration, or maximize any states. For example, is characterized by complaints of patients with Cotard delusion that they rotted gut, no heart, that the patient - the greatest, yet unprecedented in the history of humanity a criminal, that he infected all syphilis or AIDS, poisoned their bad breath all over the world. Sometimes patients say that they have long been dead, they corpses, their bodies have long decayed, that they are waiting for severe punishment for all the evil that they have brought to mankind. At high severity of depression and anxiety in the structure of Cotard syndrome is dominated by the idea of the negation of the outside world. These patients say that everything is lost, the earth was empty, on it there is no life.
Paris syndrome. B>
Unusual mental disorder with tourists - mostly in Japanese - visiting France. Every year, at least 12 Japanese tourists seek the help of psychologists after a visit to the French capital. Most of the victims said that the cause of their disorders is unfriendly behavior of local residents. As it turned out, the mentality of travelers from Japan is not ready to visit cities such as Paris. They go, hoping for the hospitality and meet the exact opposite. Their nerves can not withstand such loads. In Japanese stores the customer - the king, while in Paris the sellers hardly pay attention to them. People in public transport are rude and unfriendly, and street theft only add fuel to the fire.
Magifrenichesky syndrome. B>
Yes, it is also a mental disorder, disturbance of mental adaptation in which to begin to dominate the thinking of the ideas and concepts of magical content, contrary to scientific ideas. Development magifrenii begins to define the behavior, attitudes and entire way of life of the patient. He started attending magicians, psychics, astrologers, healers, and similar figures, to build a life on their recommendations. It may develop a painful attitude to health, manifested in samoiznurenii different diets, physical and mental training, having irrational. Some fanatically immersed in the world of various esoteric teachings or become members of different sects.
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