Many countries are actively and very successfully implemented programs for the transition to clean renewable energy sources. Recently, похвасталась their successes
little Austria, which in a referendum in 1978 to abandon nuclear energy.
The country has nine federal states, the largest of them Lower Austria in the north-east. Last week, Prime Minister Erwin Proell (Erwin Proell) solemnly declared
, that now all the 1, 65 million inhabitants of the federal state of all industrial enterprises fully provided with electricity from renewable sources.
"We have invested in energy efficiency and increased use of renewable energy sources - said Erwin Proell. - Since 2002, we have invested 2, 8 billion euros in clean energy, solar power stations to hydroelectric power station on the Danube ».
As a result, currently 63% of all the energy needs of the federal land cover hydroelectric, 26% wind energy makes 9% - biomass and 2% - the sun.
In the whole of Austria the share of renewable electricity is 75%, only 25% comes from hydrocarbons. For this indicator, Austria is in the lead in Europe, followed by Sweden, Portugal, Latvia and Denmark.
With the development of "green" energy in Lower Austria created 38 000 jobs, and the authorities expect to increase this number to 50,000 by 2030.
The transition to environmentally friendly fuels brings a double benefit. First, reducing the amount of emissions into the atmosphere of CO 2 sub>. Secondly, because of reduced demand falling prices for oil and gas, which stimulates the economy.
Environmentalists believe that only a radical reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is able to stop the rapid heating of the Earth in recent decades. From 1990 to 2014 the radiative forcing on the planet because of the long-lived greenhouse gases increased by 36% . We are talking about the effects of exposure to carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide into the atmosphere as a result of industrial and agricultural activities. The concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere sets a new record every year. According to the World Meteorological Organization, in 2014 it reached a dangerous level of 397, 7 parts per million, and in the northern hemisphere - 400 ppm.
In December 2015 in Paris, will be held the UN Conference on Climate Change, where heads of state will discuss the problem of global warming due to the greenhouse effect.