Their secrets have even those masterpieces, which seem to us well znakomymi.My in the Website believe that almost every important works of art is a mystery, "double bottom" or secret story that I want to reveal. Today, we will share a few of them.
Revenge of Salvador Dali
The painting "The figure at the window," written in 1925, when Dali was 21 years old. Then, in the life of the artist has not yet entered Gala, his muse and was the sister of Ana Maria. Brother and sister relationship soured when he wrote one of the paintings "Sometimes I spit on the portrait of his mother, and it gives me pleasure." Ana Maria could not forgive such an outrageous.
In his book 1949 "Salvador Dali eyes Sisters", she wrote about her brother without praise. The book has led El Salvador into a frenzy. Ten years after that, he angrily remembered her at every opportunity. And so, in 1954, there is the painting "A young virgin, devotional sodomy using horns own chastity." The pose of the woman, her hair, the scenery outside the window and color paintings clearly resonate with "the figure at the window." There is a version that because Dali avenged her sister for her book.
Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, "Danae", 1636 - 1647. em>
Many of the secrets of one of Rembrandt's most famous paintings were discovered only in the 60 years of the twentieth century, when the web is enlightened by X-rays. For example, the survey showed that the earlier version of the face of the princess, which had entered into an affair with Zeus, was like a person Saskia - the wife of the painter, who died in 1642. In the final version of the picture, it began to resemble the face of Geert Dirks - Rembrandt's mistress, with whom the artist lived after the death of his wife.
Yellow bedroom Van Goga
Vincent Van Gogh, "Bedroom in Arles" 1888 - 1889. em>
In May 1888, Van Gogh got a small studio in Arles, in southern France, where he had fled from his not understanding Parisian artists and critics. In one of the four rooms Vincent settles bedroom. In October, everything is ready, and he decides to draw a "Van Gogh's Bedroom at Arles." For the artist was a very important color, comfort of the room: everything had to suggest about the rest. This picture is sustained in alarming shades of yellow.
Researchers Van Gogh explained by the fact that the artist took digitalis - a remedy for epilepsy, which causes the patient significant changes in the perception of color: all the surrounding reality is painted in green and yellow colors.
Leonardo da Vinci's "Portrait of Mrs. Lisa del Giocondo", 1503 - 1519. em>
Current opinion is that the Mona Lisa - the perfection of her beautiful smile and her mystery. However, the American art critic (and part-time dentist) Joseph Borkowski said that, judging by the expression on his face, the heroine lost a lot of teeth. Studying the enlarged pictures masterpiece Borkowski also found scars around her mouth. "She" smiling "because of what happened to her, - the expert believes. - Her expression is typical of people who lost their front teeth. "
Major on feyskontrole
Pavel Fedotov, "Courting Major", in 1848. em>
The audience for the first time when she saw the painting "Courting Major", laughed heartily: the artist Fedotov filled it ironic detail, clear audience of the time. For example, Major obviously not familiar with the rules of etiquette nobility: he was not laid bouquets for the bride and her mother. And the bride herself, her parents, merchants discharged in the evening ball gown, but in the court of the day (all the lights in the room were extinguished). The girl apparently was first tried on low-cut dress, embarrassed and tries to escape in his little room.
Why Freedom naked
Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix, "Liberty on the Barricades", 1830. em>
According to art historian Julie Etienne, Delacroix wrote to the woman's face with the famous Parisian revolutionaries - laundress Anne-Charlotte, who went to the barricades after the death of his brother at the hands of the royal soldiers and killed nine guards. The artist painted her topless. According to his plan, it is a symbol of courage and dedication, as well as the triumph of democracy: naked chest shows that freedom, as a commoner, not wearing a corset.
Kazimir Malevich, "Suprematist Black Square", 1915. em>
In fact, "Black Square" is not black and not a square: none of the sides of the rectangle is not parallel to any other side, and none of the sides of a square frame, which is framed picture. A darker color - is the result of mixing different colors, all of whom were black. It is believed that it was not negligent of the author, and the principled position, striving to create a dynamic, mobile form.
In 1902, a Hungarian painter Tivadar Csontváry Kostka paints a picture "Old Fisherman". It seems to be nothing unusual in the picture there, but Tivadar laid in her implication in the artist's life and unopened.
Very few people come to mind to put a mirror to the middle of the picture. Every man can be as God (duplicated right shoulder old man) and the devil (duplicated the old man's left shoulder).
Horror Austrian Mona Lizy
Gustav Klimt, "Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer", 1907. em>
One of the most important paintings by Klimt captured the wife of the Austrian sugar magnate Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. All Vienna discussed whirlwind romance Adele and famous artist. Stung by her husband she wanted to take revenge on the lovers, but chose a very unusual way: he decided to order a Klimt portrait of Adele and get him to make hundreds of sketches until the artist begins to turn out of it.
Bloch-Bauer wanted to work lasted for several years, and of models could see the fading sense of Klimt. He made the artist a generous offer that he could not refuse, and it all came together on the script of the deceived husband work was completed in 4 years, lovers have long grown cold towards each other. Adele Bloch-Bauer never knew that her husband was aware of her relationship with Klimt.
The painting, restored to life by Gauguin
Paul Gauguin, "Where did we come from? Who are we? Where are we going? », 1897-1898. Em>
The most famous painting by Gauguin has one feature: it is "read" is not left to right and right to left, as the Kabbalistic texts that interested the artist. It is in this manner turns allegory of spiritual and physical life: from the birth of the soul (the sleeping baby in the lower right corner) to the inevitability of the hour of death (a bird with a lizard in his claws in the lower left corner).
The picture was painted by Gauguin in Tahiti, where the artist repeatedly ran away from civilization. But this time, life on the island has not worked: total poverty led him to depression. When you have finished painting, which was to become his spiritual testament, Gauguin took a box of arsenic and went to the mountains to die. But he did not calculate the dose and suicide failed. The next morning he was swinging, dragged himself to his hut and fell asleep, and when I woke up, it felt forgotten thirst for life. And in 1898, his business went up the hill, and began the work of a lighter period.
Continue: 10 secrets of famous paintings (part 2).
10 secrets of famous sculptures
10 masterpieces that you should definitely see the Louvre
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