Fly in space, a race to build a skyscraper, clone living organisms and do many things that until recently seemed impossible. And yet still unable to solve the puzzle builders and thinkers who lived thousands of years ago. Ancient cobblestone weighing hundreds of tons of surprises us more than a computer the size of half a palm.
Stonehenge, UK, Salisbury
Altar, an observatory, a tomb, a calendar? Scientists have not reached a consensus. Five thousand years ago there were circular ditch and ramparts around the diameter of 115 m. A few centuries later, the ancient builders brought here 80 four-ton stones, and a couple of centuries - 30 megaliths weighing 25 tons. The stones were set in a circle and in the form of a horseshoe. The kind where Stonehenge survives today, largely the result of human activity of recent centuries. People continued to work on the stones: otkolupyvali peasants from their pieces, amulets, tourists labeled territory inscriptions and restorers cooked the rest of the ancients, as here they that stood correctly.
El Castillo, Chichen Itza, Mexico Chichen Itza
Every year during the spring and autumn equinox at the foot of the sanctuary of the supreme deity of the Maya - Feathered Serpent - gather thousands of tourists. They watch the miracle of "phenomena" Kukulcan serpent moves down along the balustrade of the main staircase. Creates the illusion of a game triangular shadows cast by the nine platforms of the pyramid at the moment when the sun tending to decline, for 10 minutes, covers the north-west corner. Be the sanctuary shifted at least a degree or anything like that would not happen.
Carnac stones, France, Brittany, Carnac
In total, about 4000 megaliths up to four meters apart slender alleys near the town of Carnac. Rows are parallel to each other or to fan out, here and there a circle. The complex dates back to the V-IV millennium BC In Brittany legends that this magician Merlin got petrified ranks of Roman legionaries.
Stone balls, Costa Rica
Pre-Columbian artifacts, scattered near the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, were discovered in the 1930s banana workers. Hoping to find gold inside, vandals destroyed a lot of balls. Now most of the rest are kept in museums. Some stones diameter reaches 2, 5 meters, weight - 15 tons. Purpose is unknown.
Georgia Guidestones, United States, Georgia, Elbert
In 1979, one under the pseudonym RC Christian ordered the construction company manufacturing and installation of the monument - the construction of six granite monoliths weighing more than 100 tons. Four side plates engraved Ten Commandments descendants in eight languages, including Russian. Last paragraph reads: "Do not be a cancer for the Earth, nature also leave the place!»
Nuraghe of Sardinia, Italy, Sardinia
Semi-conical structure, resembling a huge hives (up to 20 m), appeared in Sardinia at the end of the II millennium BC, before the arrival of the Romans. The tower was built without a foundation of overlapping blocks of stone, not bonded to any solution and keep only due to its own weight. Appointment Nuraghe unclear. Characteristically, the archaeologists have repeatedly found during excavations miniature models of these towers of bronze.
Saksauaman, Peru, Cuzco
Archaeological Park at an altitude of 3700 meters and an area of 3000 hectares is located north of the capital of the Inca Empire. Defensive and at the same time the temple complex was built at the turn of XV-XVI centuries. Zigzag battlements, reaching 400 meters in length and six in height, are made of 200-ton stone blocks. Incas set these blocks as they chased one under the other - is unknown. Saksauaman top looks like a cougar head toothy Cusco (the city was founded in the form of the sacred animal of the Incas).
Arkaim, Russia, Chelyabinsk region
The settlement of the Bronze Age (III-II millennium BC) is on the same latitude as Stonehenge. Coincidence? Scientists do not know. Two rows of circular wall (diameter far - 170 m), the system of sewers and sewerage, well in every home - evidence highly developed culture. The monument was discovered by students and pupils of the archaeological expedition in 1987. (In the photo - model-reconstruction.)
Newgrange, Ireland, Dublin
The Celts called it a mound of fairies and considered the home of one of its main gods. Circular structure of stone, earth and rubble diameter of 85 meters was built over 5,000 years ago. Inside the mound is a corridor ending ritual chamber. During the winter solstice, this camera is brightly lit for 15-20 minutes ray of sun falling through the window over the entrance to the tunnel.
Coral Castle, United States, Florida, Homestead
Bizarre structure alone for 28 years (1923-1951) built a Latvian immigrant Edward Lindskalnin in honor of lost love. The way a person of modest growth and body moves in space huge blocks, remains a mystery.
Statues "Reptilians", French Polynesia, Nuku Hiva island
Statues in a place called Temehea-Tohu in the Marquesas depict strange creatures that look in the mass consciousness is associated with aliens. They are different: there are large largemouth "reptilians", and there are others: a small trunk and a disproportionately large elongated head helmets with huge eyes. They have in common one thing - an angry facial expressions. Was it aliens from other worlds or just priests in disguise - is unknown. Statues date from about the beginning of the II millennium.
Ёnaguni pyramid, Japan, the Ryukyu Archipelago
Monuments of huge stone platforms and pillars located at depths of 5 to 40 meters, were discovered in 1986. The most important of these structures has the form of a pyramid. Not far away is a large area with steps, like a stadium with spectator stands. One of the objects resembles a huge head, like the moai statues on Easter Island. In the scientific community debate: many people think that lying on the ocean floor education are extremely natural origin. But singles like Masaaki Kimura, a professor of the University of the Ryukyus, repeatedly dive to the ruins, insist that there has not been without a man.
Goseck circle, Germany Goseck
Ring system of concentric moats and wooden fences was created between 5000 and 4800 BCE Now renovated complex. Presumably, it was used as a solar calendar.
Great Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, Masvingo
One of the largest and oldest stone structures in South Africa was built in the XI century, and in the XV century for unknown reasons it was abandoned. All designs (up to 11 meters in height and 250 in length) erected by drywall. Presumably, in the settlement lived up to 18 000 people.
Column Delhi, India, New Delhi
Iron towers greater than 7 meters and weighing more than 6 tons - part of the architectural complex of Qutb Minar. Was cast in honor of King Chandragupta II in 415. For unclear reasons, column, almost 100% made of iron, is virtually impossible to corrosion. Scientists try to explain this fact by different reasons: Special skill and techniques of ancient Indian blacksmiths, dry air and extreme weather conditions in the area of New Delhi, the formation of a protective shell - in particular, due to the fact that the Indians anoint sacred monument oils and spices. Ufologists, as usual, see the column next intervention evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence. But the secret of "Stainless Steel" is still not solved.
Nazca Lines, Peru, Nazca
47-foot spider, 93-meter hummingbird, 134-meter eagle, lizard, alligator, snake, zoomorphic and other humanlike creatures ... Giant image bird's-eye scratched seem devoid of vegetation on the rock, and as if with one hand, in the same style . This is actually a groove depth of 50 cm and a width of 135 cm, made at different times in the V-VII centuries.
Observatory Nabta, Nubia, Sahara
In the sands near the dry lake is the oldest monument arheoastronomichesky on the planet 1,000 years older than Stonehenge. Location megaliths allows to determine the day of the summer solstice. Archaeologists believe that people lived here seasonally, when water in the lake was so needed in the calendar.
The Antikythera mechanism, Greece, Antikifera
Mechanical design with dials, hands and gears at the beginning of the XX century were found on the wreck route from Rhodes (100 BC). After extensive research and reconstructions scientists have found that the unit served astronomical targets - allows you to monitor the movements of celestial bodies and make very complex calculations.
Plates of Baalbek, Lebanon
Ruins of the Roman temple complex belong to the I-II century AD But the Romans built a shrine for good reason. At the base of the temple of Jupiter are more ancient slabs weighing 300 tons. Western retaining wall is a series of "Trilithon" - three limestone blocks, each more than 19 m in length, 4 m in height and weighing about 800 tons. Roman technique was unable to lift a weight. By the way, not far away for thousands of years is one more block - under 1,000 tons.
Gobekli Tepe, Turkey
Complex in the Armenian Highland is the oldest of the largest megalithic structures (approximately X-IX millennium BC). While people are still engaged in hunting and gathering, but someone was able to erect a huge following of stelae with images of animals.