Wormholes - this hypothetical property of the universe: it is believed that they can be easy to fall into the most distant galaxies. They can exist due to the phenomenon of quantum entanglement - in theory, the particles can be closely linked, regardless of the distance separating them.
Scientists have been working on a theory that could explain all the properties of space, from particles to galaxies. Currently, researchers have two theories - quantum mechanics and general relativity. Both theories describe the laws of the universe independently of each other: the quantum theory describes the behavior of the smallest objects, and the theory of relativity - the large objects. Currently, there are also several different theories that attempt to unify all the properties of space.
The theory of relativity developed by Albert Einstein, includes wormholes, officially known as the Einstein-Rosen bridges. These deformations of space-time can be a tunnel connecting any black holes in the universe.
Interestingly, in quantum mechanics, too, describes a similar phenomenon - the same quantum entanglement, which we have already mentioned. Numerous experiments have shown that the quantum confusion does exist, and can therefore form the basis of advanced technologies in the future, such as the most powerful quantum computers and quantum cryptography sverhzaschischёnnogo.
Theoretical physicists Juan Martin Maldacena from the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton and Leonard Susskind of Stanford University independently argue that wormholes are associated with confusion. In particular, they suggested that each have a pair of black holes and the two holes are connected to each other precisely because of the confusion.
Intricate black holes can occur in several ways. For example, the two holes can be formed simultaneously and automatically become entangled. In addition, the particles captured by a black hole can "fail" to another hole that will automatically make them confused. Maldacena and Susskind argue that the confusion may always associated with wormholes, for example, the smallest particles, photons and electrons, it can be connected by means of microscopic wormholes.
At first glance, such a statement may seem absurd. For example, the involvement of working even when the force of gravity does not apply. But scientists investigated how intricate pair of particles behave in the theory of supersymmetry, which assumes that all the known elementary particles have "superpartner».
It is also believed that using such a quantum-mechanical theory can explain the behavior of objects in the four changes (fourth - time). If the wormhole theory is correct, then in the case enters the additional fifth dimension - thus, wormholes and confusion may be essentially the same phenomenon.