Long-range "Voronezh"

The system of missile warning radars will enhance new

In the next decade, Russia will modernize and capacity building of ground-tier system of missile warning. First of all we are talking about replacing the outdated radar type "Dnepr", "Daryal" and "Volga" new-horizon radar type "Voronezh". As part of the Russian state armaments program for 2011-2020 will be carried out financing for the construction of three new radar stations in Komi, Murmansk region and Azerbaijan.

On the prospects of the modernization of the radar system of missile warning in an interview with RIA Novosti said the general director of Radio-Technical Institute named Mintz Vladimir Savchenko. It is expected that in 2015 in the Komi Republic Pechora begin dismantling obsolete radar station "Daryal" and build a new radar "Voronezh-VP" meter band. 2017 will replace the radar "Dnepr" Olenegorsk Murmansk region. The contracts for the modernization of these radars Russian Defense Ministry with RTI Mints name is not concluded, but funds for this work has already been incorporated in the state armaments program for 2011-2020.

Soviet and Russian-horizon radar:






By replacing older plants with new Defense Ministry will be able to flexible modernization and capacity building of land tier early warning system, as well as reduce operating costs. In particular, the radar type "Voronezh" are based on pre-concreted site have block-container structure, which consists of 23 units of equipment in containers (for comparison, the radar "Daryal" consists of 4070 units of various equipment). Modularity allows the radar to quickly replace obsolete components or add new ones. The cost of building the radar type "Voronezh" is about three to four billion rubles; construction of the "Dnepr" is estimated at five billion, and "Daria" - 20 billion rubles. The last two radar now form the basis of Russian early warning system.

In addition, new radar energy is much lower than previous generations radar. "For example, to run the station Pechora, they built Pechora GRES. The power of it - a hundred megawatts, of which more than 50 per cent took away the station. A new radar at the same functional parameters will take less than ten megawatts, "- said Savchenko. Earlier, the Russian military said that operating expenses "Voronezh" almost 40 percent lower than the previous generation of stations, but the absolute numbers are not called.

Radar type "Voronezh" radar are highly compatible. In practice, this means less time building new stations. In particular, "Voronezh" can be deployed for 1, 5-2 years. The same indicator for the stations of the "Volga" or "DTV" is 5-9 years. Thus new radar, if necessary, can change location. The basis of the radar type "Voronezh" phased array antenna is quickly erected module for personnel with heating and air conditioning systems, as well as several containers with electronic equipment.

Radar "Voronezh-M" in Lekhtusi




Radius-horizon radar type "Voronezh" up to six thousand kilometers, depending on the version. The radar is capable of detecting ballistic, space and aerodynamic objects, including ballistic and cruise missiles, track and classify targets and transmit the information to the control centers. Special software allows you to change stations, depending on the power mode is enabled. Multiprocessor computer service radar, has a capacity of about one hundred billion operations per second.

Russia accepted into service station VHF and UHF waves. First give a high visibility of the space, but do not provide the accuracy of direction-finding facility and precision-guided missiles. Decimeter same station can significantly improve the accuracy of determining the coordinates of air targets and to provide guidance and control of missiles.

To date, Russia has deployed three radar type "Voronezh". In particular, since 2006, in the village of Lekhtusi Leningrad region acts 77YA6 radar "Voronezh-M", working in the meter wavelength range. In the future, it will be upgraded to version "Voronezh-VP." This radar provides control of air space from Morocco to Spitzbergen and the east coast of the United States. Radar assigned to the military unit 73845.

Since 2008, control of air space and the station provides 77YA6-DM "Voronezh-DM" in Armavir, Krasnodar region, located on the territory of the military unit 20608. It monitors the area from Southern Europe to North Africa and replaces the radar of the "Dnepr" in Ukrainian and Mukachevo Sevastopol, to develop their resources. In 2009, it was reported that Ukraine will make the dismantling of the plants in the next three to four years, but in November 2010, NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said that Mukachevo radars may be connected to the pan-European missile defense system, of course, if so desired Kiev .

Finally, a third radar station "Voronezh-DM" to intercede on alert November 29, 2011. Radar was built in the village of Pioneer Kaliningrad region. It monitors the space to the west, covering the area of ​​responsibility radars in Mukachevo and Belarusian Baranavichy. In 2012 it is expected to be put into operation new radar Usolye Siberian Irkutsk region. He will be responsible for the airspace over China. In general, the construction of new radar type "Voronezh" in the past few years was conducted in order to concentrate features ground-tier early warning system on the territory of Russia, followed by the rejection of horizon radar on the territory of CIS countries.

Of the total coherent picture only knocked out plans to replace the radar of the "Dnepr" and "Daryal" in Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan, respectively. On the modernization of radar Balkhash in Kazakhstan is not known. The construction of the radar in Azerbaijan, according to Savchenko, is scheduled to begin in 2017 and be completed in 2019. Money for the work is also already included in the state program of weapons, funding is set at 23 trillion rubles. "It all depends on the goodwill of our valued neighbors - the final agreement will be secured at the political level", - said Savchenko.

This dismantling radar "Daryal" located in Gabala will not be performed because the station is owned by Azerbaijan. "The new station also, we plan to build, will be the property of Russia, and, mind you, it is modular. That is, it is always possible to dismantle, remove and collect anywhere near, "- said Savchenko. In fact, if Baku will give its consent to the construction of a new radar station in its territory, Azerbaijan will act at the same time two-horizon radar with a radius of six thousand kilometers.

Earlier, Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said that Russia was completely rebuilt in Gabala radar station will rent smaller space to the needs of the new station. Azerbaijan plans to increase the cost of rent for the Gabala radar station, as well as to increase the presence of Azerbaijani military personnel at the station. The current lease agreement and operating conditions of the Gabala radar station expires on December 24, 2012.

In general, the modernization of existing radars and withdrawal from such military facilities located outside of Russia, seem to be necessary. In the first place, according to RTI name Mintz, all-horizon radar early warning system facing armed country already exhausted their design engineering resources. Secondly, as stated in 2007, Vladimir Popovkin, who was then the position of commander of the Space Forces, "in the event of any conflict, there is a real threat to use a radar located on the territory of Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Belarus, to put pressure on the Russian Federation."

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