Artificial reefs (27 photos)

Spent iron wrecks, subway cars and tanks - all dumped into the ocean and becomes part of the fish habitat. Artificial reefs.

1. Divers over the former floating telemetry station "General Hoyt S. Vandenberg" in the National Marine Sanctuary off the coast of Florida Keys Key West. Algae and sponges have already chosen the surface of the 159-meter vessel, and more 113 different species of fish can now call home. This artificial reef was created May 27, 2009. (Reuters / Don Kincaid / Florida Keys News Bureau)




2. write off an aircraft carrier «Oriskany» dragged 38 km off the coast of Pensacola, Florida, May 17, 2006 to create an artificial reef. (AP Photo / U.S. Navy / Jeffrey P. Kraus)




3. The same aircraft carrier «Oriskany» in the process of flooding May 17, 2006. The fact that the 270-meter vessel is completely gone under the water, it took 37 minutes. (AP Photo / U.S. Navy / Jeffrey P. Kraus)




4. Flooded radar aircraft carrier «Oriskany» off the coast of Pensacola, Florida. US Navy aircraft carrier sunk in May 2006 to create an artificial reef. (AP Photo / www.DrDive.com, Jim Meyers)




5. Underwater sculpture - part of the installation "Silent Evolution" by British artist Jason de Kayresa Taylor between Cancun and Isla Mujeres December 11, 2010. Taylor used "live casting" of materials that attract corals. (Reuters / Jorge Silva)




6. Part of the underwater installation "Silent Evolution" Jason de Kayresa Taylor. Installation has become the new home for various sea creatures in the National Marine Sanctuary Cancun. It should smooth out the negative effect that each year leave behind the crowds of tourists. (Reuters / Jorge Silva)



7. Tugs pull a decommissioned American ship "General Hoyt S. Vandenberg" in Key West, a distance of about 11 km to the south of the island of May 26, 2009. 159-meter-long ship that once tracked space launches ships in Cape Canaveral with and Soviet missiles during the Cold War, was sunk off the coast of Key West to become an artificial reef. (Reuters / Andy Newman / Florida Keys News Bureau)



8. The ship "General Hoyt S. Vandenberg" slowly disappears under the water off the coast of Key West. (Reuters / Andy Newman / Florida Keys News Bureau)



9. In this scene from the video all the same ship "General Hoyt S. Vandenberg" goes under the water. On its flooding left 1 minute 54 seconds. (AP Photo / Florida Keys News Bureau, Steve Panariello and Andy Newman)



10. Bubbles and smoke - that is all that remains of the ship "General Hoyt S. Vandenberg," after the flooding of May 27, 2009. Now the ship lies at the bottom of the national marine reserve Key West at a depth of 42 meters. (AP Photo / Florida Keys News Bureau, Andy Newman)



11. Divers exploring the superstructure of the ship flooded "General Hoyt S. Vandenberg." (AP Photo / Florida Keys News Bureau, Haig Jacobs)



12. The explosion of the boat "Grand Rock" before sinking it in the waters of the Gulf of Guabina Aragua state, 177 km west of Caracas, Venezuela. (Reuters / Howard Yanes)



13. 25 retired Thai army tanks on the ship in the port of Bangkok July 30, 2010. Tanks have gone to the bottom of the Gulf of Thailand as a material for the formation of artificial reefs. (AP Photo / Sakchai Lalit)



14. The process of flooding are made in China T-69 in the Gulf of Thailand, near the southern province of Narathiwat August 9, 2010. 25 out-of-operation of the Thai army tanks to form artificial reefs to improve the marine ecosystem and of increasing the number of fish. (Reuters / Surapan Boonthanom)



15. Work clears steam cabin decommissioned train car "Red Bird" in New York August 16, 2001. Disused cars thoroughly cleaned, and then loaded onto barges to transport to the State of Delaware, where they were dumped into the ocean 24 km south of Cape May, New Jersey. (AP Photo / Kathy Willens)



16. Two cars of the New York subway disappear in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean from the barge 30 km east of Cape Henlopen, Delaware 21 August 2001. The Ministry of the marine species were flooded to a depth of 27 cars more than 20 meters to create artificial reefs. (AP Photo / Roberto Borea)



17. Frigate «HMNZS Wellington» New Zealand Royal Navy sinks off the south coast of Wellington in 2005. (Pieter Pieterse / CC BY-ND)



18. The vessel «Texas Clipper» goes under the water near South Padre Island in Texas November 17, 2007, to become an artificial reef. (AP Photo / Texas Parks and Wildlife Dept., Earl Nottingham)



19. Ship «Spiegel Grove» starts to roll after the flooding of June 10, 2002 in the waters of the National Marine Sanctuary off the coast of Key Largo. The ship went to the bottom "belly up" another 17 May and rescue workers and three weeks getting ready to turn it over. (Reuters / Andy Newman)



20. Fish around the lion sculptures in the park Neptune April 29, 2008 5 km from the coast of Key Biscayne, Florida. The creators of this artificial reef hope that it will be a monument. Instead funeral people can order here is the place (of course, for the money), so that after the death of their remains were kept at one of the sculptures. (AP Photo / Wilfredo Lee)



21. Armoured personnel carriers lowered into the waters of the Atlantic Ocean October 19, 2006 at the shore of Little River, close to tMirtl Beach, South Carolina. Released "retired" APCs flooded at the memorial reef James Caudle to attract fish and for the development in the area of ​​sport fishing. (AP Photo / The Sun News, Randall Hill)



22. Flooded Jordanian government tank in the waters of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea has become an artificial reef for hundreds of species of fish, as well as a favorite place for divers. (Dan Lundberg / CC BY-SA)



23. Former military frigate "Scylla" in the process of flooding in the waters of the Gulf of Uitsends Cornwall March 27, 2004. (Carl De Souza / Getty Images)



24. Barge with 40 old cars New York subway near Ocean City, Maryland, November 26, 2008. (AP Photo / Chuck Snyder)



25. Old wagon train subway beneath the sea off the coast of Delaware 7 October 2008. (AP Photo / Mike Derer)



26. Post splashing into the water from the collapsed subway car off Chinkoteag, Virginia, June 26, 2008. 44 car made of stainless steel have been flooded in the area of ​​the reef Blackfish Bank within the framework of marine resources. (AP Photo / The Virginian-Pilot, Steve Earley)



27. Figure - part of the underwater installation "Silent Evolution" by British artist Jason Taylor Kayresa food on the seabed between Cancun and Isla Mujeres December 11, 2010. (Reuters / Jorge Silva)



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