Ten of the most high-profile court cases in 2013:
A precedent in the Russian justice when sentenced to actual imprisonment defendants held in custody for one day, was the verdict Alexei Navalny and Peter Ofitserova on charges of embezzlement "Kirovlesa." First, the prosecutor's office has protested the arrest of convicted persons before the entry of the verdict, and then replaced the higher instance court-appointed five and four years in prison suspended sentence.
The trial itself took place against the background of the election campaign in Moscow, Navalny was registered as a candidate for mayor of the capital.
However, the story did not end there: against Alexei Navalny and his brother Oleg opened another criminal case - fraud during transport of products the company "Yves Rocher».
Legal dramas and scandals theater world this year teamed up in an attack on artistic director of the Bolshoi Ballet Sergei Filin. In court, were the leading dancers.
Dancer Paul Dmitrichenko denied that he had asked the victim to throw acid, but admitted that he did ask to beat him. The court sent him to a strict regime colony for six years. Direct executors attack Yuri Zarutsky, who until recently tried to take the blame on himself and shield the remaining defendants in the case, to be held in a special prison regime for 10 years. Driver Andrei Lipatov, who denied all knowledge of the crime, was sentenced to four years.
A record number of scandals during the trial was that of Yusuf Temerhanova, received 15 years in prison for the murder of former Colonel Yuri Budanov, who was once sentenced to 10 years for the murder of a Chechen girl Elza Kungayeva.
Temerhanov, according to investigators, he went on the offense because of the hatred of the Russian military who participated in the anti-terrorist operation in Chechnya.
The abduction and bribery of witnesses, the dissolution of the jury, allegations of torture - as a result it ended the criminal case against the defense of the defendant.
From Cambodia with love
Businessman Sergei Polonsky has become one of the most controversial figures in the past year, while it has managed to provide on opposite sides, having been not only the accused but also victims: a case of beating him in the studio NTV ended compulsory works for the banker Alexander Lebedev. Now, over 150 hours he is to equip a children's playground, and carry out other improvement works in the village of Popovka Tula region.
Polonsky himself became involved in criminal cases in Russia, and Cambodia. At home he is accused of embezzling 5, 7 billion rubles from shareholders "Kutuzov mile" where the victims are more than 80 people. Cambodian authorities have drawn businessman liable for bodily injury and unlawful confinement of a local vessel crew.
Having been in the Cambodian prison, Polonsky was released under house arrest, visited Israel, I try to get refuge there, back to Cambodia, where he was detained on its own island. Currently, he is in a maximum security prison on the outskirts of Prey Sar in Phnom Penh, where pending extradition to Russia.
Loud case of mass shooting of civilians in the Moscow City Court ended a life sentence for the perpetrator. Lawyer Dmitry Vinogradov RIGLA company in November last year, went into his office and opened fire on colleagues, resulting in six people died. The Court examined the medical records of the accused and problems in his personal life, which allegedly pushed him to such an act, yet Vinogradov found sane and sentenced to life imprisonment under the supervision of a psychiatrist.
The court found unconvincing arguments of the defense that Vinogradov not be held responsible for their actions and should be sent for compulsory treatment. The question of how autism and the person sitting on antidepressants sold weapons, the court is not particularly discussed.
During the year it is, by the way, is not the first penalty for wanton shooting - for the murder of six people in the center of Belgorod Sergey Pomazun also sentenced to life imprisonment.
Oil, jail, Amnesty
Unusual for a domestic incident occurred and justice activists from Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise, which in September tried to climb the nefteplatformu "Prirazlomnaya" in the Pechora Sea to carry out actions against the production of hydrocarbons in the Arctic. All 30 detainees were arrested, but then released on bail the same.
They filed a case against piracy, but then retrained on hooliganism charges. Now, activists, environmentalists, some of whom are foreigners, are trying to get the investigation allowed to leave home.
At the same time, activists are likely to be exempt from liability because of an amnesty marking the 20th anniversary of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
The Supreme Arbitration Court (IAC), RF in September confirmed the conservation status of forest areas near the Museum-Estate "Arkhangelsk", passed in 2004, rental business structures billionaire Viktor Vekselberg.
The highest court put an end to the ongoing two-year dispute over the claim of the company Vekselberg "Erlik group" to the Cadastral Chamber of the Moscow region, in which the applicant claimed to recognize the illegal actions of the defendant to restore the state real estate cadastre information about the conservation status of forest area of 20 hectares. SAC rejected the claim by repealing the judicial acts of three instances.
Decision of the Supreme Arbitration shaped the lower court, which subsequently invalidated the agreements between Mosleskhoz Vekselberg structures and the transfer of lease for 49 years, almost 50 hectares of forest.
The last terrorist attack in the capital region - an explosion in the arrival hall of international airlines airport "Domodedovo" January 24, 2011, which killed 37 and injured 172 people, - this year also ended with a verdict for the perpetrators.
Moscow Regional Court sentenced to life imprisonment three accomplices of the suicide bomber, exploded at the airport "Domodedovo».
The fourth person involved in the case, according to the sentence, hold in the colony for 10 years. The Court pointed out that they have chosen to place the terrorist attack the greatest congestion of people, helped a terrorist to get from Ingushetia to Moscow, gave him a "suicide belt" with explosives and sent it by taxi to the airport.
After the explosion in "Domodedovo" security measures at transportation facilities across Russia have been tightened.
The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation pointed out that only he can decide on the application of the legislation, which prevent the execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). Resolution of the ECHR are the basis for the revision of the civil case under the new circumstances, but the courts of the Russian Federation are not always able to fulfill them within the law. The COP decided that in such cases, it must check the law with the Constitution.
If after considering the above request, the COP decided that the rule that prevents the execution of the ECHR judgment is not contrary to the Constitution, he can point to possible ways to implement the decision of the ECHR.
Quiet village. Wild Bunch.
Banda, who became famous throughout Russia following the murder of 12 people in the village Kushchevskaya, after a year of litigation condemned in the Krasnodar region - its leader Sergei Tsapok and two killer sentenced to life imprisonment, the jury found them guilty of 40 crimes in the village of Kushchevskaya and killing 19 people . The remaining defendants received from 19 to 20 years in prison. In addition, they will have to pay the victims more than 2, 4 billion rubles.
The prosecutor's office called the penalty is fair, however, convicted previously abandoned these confessions and declared their innocence to the crime. Lawyers believe that the jury was misled, and intend to seek the abolition of the sentence.