Excellent collection of informative and exciting discoveries that humanity has made for 2012.
Giant crocodile, record-breaking
Giant Crocodile Lolong reaches a length of 6 to 17 meters.
He lives in captivity and is thus officially a huge crocodile,
as reported by Guinness World Records in July.
The news of this reptile was one of the 10 most popular
News of this year, according to the publication National Geographic.
After Crocodile was accused of an attack on the people and
the murder of 2 people, the giant has been caught in the Philippines
in September 2011, and placed in a nursery.
Guinness World Records lists based on information provided by experts.
In this case, a zoologist Adam Britton measured the beast in his new home,
eco-park and research center Bunavan.
Sugar in space
Not so long ago, astronomers made the "sweet discovery": simple
sugar molecules float in the composition of gas around stars,
located 400 light-years away, which suggests,
on other planets that might harbor life.
The search for extraterrestrial life continues
This August the opening, of course, can not serve as proof,
that extraterrestrial life does exist elsewhere in the universe.
But it greatly increases the chances that once we learn about the real existence of extraterrestrials.
The molecules rich in carbon are the building blocks of life forms. Now it turned out,
that they may be present in stardust even before the world began to take shape.
The researchers began using the word "sugar" to describe this in the case of organic molecules,
known as carbohydrates which consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
New planets of the solar system
According to the study, the results of which were published in May,
at the very edge of the solar system, there are undiscovered planet.
These planets are too far away and too dark environment,
so that they can easily be seen with telescopes.
Rodney Gomez, an astronomer at the National Observatory of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro, said,
that the existence of these unseen planets is possible because,
they are a little shift orbit Kuiper belt objects.
These objects are small icy bodies, including the dwarf planets,
which are located beyond the orbit of Neptune.
I found a piece of God - a binding element of the universe
In July, two independent teams of researchers working with the Large Hadron Collider reported,
that with a probability of 99 per cent discovered the Higgs boson, which immediately dubbed the "God particle».
Particles that are looking for a long time, helping to present a complete physical model to explain,
why objects in our universe are endowed with mass. Moreover, thanks to this particle galaxy,
planets and even you and I have a right to exist.
The Lost World of Antarctica
Not yet received the official name of Yeti crab lives about
hot springs rich in minerals in the ocean, not far from Antarctica.
Scientists have reported that the vast depths discovered an unknown
science "lost world" of living beings, never before seen.
Special machine robot submersible, equipped with a camera, recovered in the depths of the ocean
and discovered previously unknown barnacles, crabs, anemones, and even an octopus.
All these creatures are almost completely devoid of color,
because they live in darkness at a depth of about 2,400 meters.
Discovered star system with nine planets in the constellation Hydra
The star is located at a distance of 127 light years from Earth,
may have in its orbit more planets than the sun,
What makes this star system "the most populous" of all known star systems.
According to the study, published in April,
HD 10180 - sun-like star in the constellation Hydra South,
around which at least 9 planets as in our solar system,
as is known, only 8 official planets.
New species in South America
A new species of night monkey - one of eight new species of mammals,
discovered during an expedition in the north of Peru
- National Reserve Tabakonas Namballe, scientists reported in September.
The group of biologists from Mexico and Peru have discovered a new species during
from 2009 to 2011 during his famous expedition.
The fact that they were not previously known to science has been proven in the past year.
New legless amphibian
These creatures are not worms or snakes as it may seem. This burrowing legless amphibian land,
which are completely new to science animals, the scientists reported in February.
Amphibians Chikilidae family live in north-eastern India.
Scientists have found six species of this brand new family.
Evidence that the Mayans did not predict end of the world
The latest discovery of a large Maya city, archaeologists have discovered the only frescoed house,
and these frescoes - special.
They portrayed fairly lively scene from the life of the ruler and his entourage, as well as calculating,
which allowed scientists to trace the events fairly long period of time.
This calendar does not end,
and continues for thousands of years in advance, so it proves,
that the Maya did not predict end of the world December 21, 2012.
Unusual Mayan temple in the jungle of Guatemala
Around 1600 years ago, the Temple of the Night Sun was blood-red lighthouse,
which could be seen for many kilometers.
He was decorated with giant masks of the Maya sun god, who appears in the form of a snake, or the jaguar bloodsuckers.
For a long time the church was lost in the jungles of Guatemala, but in 2012 was
opened by archaeologists who have shown their true face.
This discovery allowed researchers to learn a lot about the ancient Maya civilization.
Ancient Mayan civilization
Maya lived in what is now Guatemala, Belize and Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.
In contrast to the relatively centralized empires of the Aztecs and the Incas, Maya civilization included independent
and warring city-states.