The most important and significant discoveries in 2012 (20 photos)

Giant crocodile, record-breaking

Crocodile Lolong giant reaches a length of 6 to 17 meters.
He lives in captivity and is thus officially a huge crocodile,
as reported by the Guinness Book of Records in July.
The news of this reptile was one of the 10 most popular
News of this year, according to the publication National Geographic.

After crocodile accused of assaulting people and
the murder of 2 people, the giant was caught in the Philippines
in September 2011, and placed in a nursery.
Guinness World Records lists are based on data provided by experts.
In this case, a zoologist Adam Britton measured the beast in his new home,
eco-park and research center Bunavan.

Sugar in space

Not so long ago, astronomers made the "sweet discovery": simple
sugar molecules floating in the composition of gas around stars,
located 400 light-years away, which suggests,
on other planets could support life.
The search for extraterrestrial life continues
This is the August opening, of course, can not serve as proof,
that extraterrestrial life does exist elsewhere in the universe.
But it greatly increases the chances that once we learn about the real existence of aliens.

Molecule, carbon-rich are the building blocks of life forms. Now it turned out,
that they may be present in the stellar dust before they started to form planets.
Scientists have used the word "sugar" to describe this in the case of organic molecules,
known as carbohydrates which consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

New planets of the solar system

According to the study, the results of which were published in May,
on the edge of the solar system are undiscovered planet.
These planets are too far away and too dark environment,
that they can easily be seen with telescopes.
Rodney Gomez, an astronomer at the National Observatory of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro, said,
that the existence of these unseen planets is possible because,
they are a little shift orbit Kuiper belt objects.
These objects are small icy bodies, including the dwarf planets,
which are located beyond the orbit of Neptune.

Found the God particle - binding element of the universe

In July, two independent teams of researchers working with the Large Hadron Collider reported,
that with a probability of 99 per cent discovered the Higgs boson, which immediately dubbed the "God particle┬╗.
Particles which are looking for a long time, helps to present a complete physical model and explain,
why objects in our universe are endowed with mass. Moreover, thanks to this particle galaxy,
planets and even you and I have a right to exist.

The Lost World of Antarctica

Not yet received the official name of the Yeti crab lives about
hot springs, mineral-rich, in the ocean, not far from Antarctica.
Scientists said that in great depth discovered unknown
science "lost world" of living creatures never before seen.
Special machine robot to explore the underwater world, equipped with a camera, to the depths of the ocean recovered
and discovered previously unknown barnacles, crabs, anemones, and even an octopus.
All these creatures are almost completely devoid of color,
because they live in darkness at a depth of about 2400 meters.

Discovered star system with nine planets in the constellation Hydra

Star located at a distance of 127 light years from Earth,
may have in its orbit more planets than the Sun,
What makes this star system "the most populous" of all known star systems.
According to the study, published in April,
HD 10180 - a sun-like star in the constellation Hydrus,
around which at least 9 planets as in our solar system,
as is known, only 8 official planets.

New species in South America

A new species of night monkeys - one of eight new species of mammals,
discovered during an expedition to northern Peru
- National Reserve Tabakonas Namballe, scientists reported in September.
A group of biologists from Mexico and Peru discovered new species in the period
from 2009 to 2011 during his famous expedition.
The fact that they were not previously known to science, has been proven in the past year.

New legless amphibian

These creatures are not worms and snakes, as it may seem. This burrowing legless amphibian land,
which are completely new to science animals, scientists reported in February.
Amphibians Chikilidae family live in north-eastern India.
Scientists have already found six species of this brand new family.

Evidence that the Mayans did not predict the end of the world

In the last open City Maya archaeologists have discovered a unique frescoed house,
and these frescoes - special.
They portrayed fairly lively scene from the life of the ruler and his entourage, as well as calculating,
which allowed scientists to trace the events fairly long period of time.
This calendar does not end,
and continues for thousands of years in advance, so it proves,
that the Maya predicted the end does not light 21 December 2012.

Unusual Mayan temple in the jungles of Guatemala

About 1600 years ago, the Temple of the Night Sun was blood-red beacon,
which could be seen for miles.
He was decorated with giant masks of the Maya sun god, who appears in the form of a snake, or the jaguar bloodsuckers.
For a long time the church was lost in the jungles of Guatemala, but in 2012 was
discovered by archaeologists who have shown their true face.
This finding allowed the researchers to learn a lot about the ancient Maya civilization.
The ancient Maya civilization

Maya lived in what is now Guatemala, Belize and Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.
In contrast to the relatively centralized empires of the Aztecs and the Incas, the Maya civilization included independent
and feuding city states.


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