Salt mines Soledar - one of the purest and oldest salt deposits in the world and the largest salt extraction in Europe. Today we will go to one of these mines and know if they are. Brief historical background
In 1880, near the village of Donbas Bryantsevka was discovered a large underground salt deposits. In the next year was put into operation the first mine and started commercial production of rock salt. This event marked the beginning of the enterprise actually "Artyomsol" and the development of the current Soledar. Its present name in honor of the company received FA Artem. Now SE "Artyomsol" - the largest business of production and sale of salt in Central and Eastern Europe: the products are delivered to 22 countries.
The company is capable of producing more than 7 million tons of salt per year. In Soviet times, "Artyomsol" makes up 40% of the country's total production of rock salt.
Extraction of salt Artemovsk deposit occurs at a depth of 200-300 m for more than a hundred years formed system workings length of about 300 km, has produced more than 250 million tons of salt, void volume exceeded 110 million cubic meters. meters. Despite the large volume workings, currently designed only 3% salt, which is available in the field. So salt Soledar enough reserves for a long time.
In one of the exhaust openings located underground office speleosanatorium "Salt Symphony", which is the treatment of respiratory diseases. At the same time there may recuperation up to 100 people. Here are conducted guided tours and there is even an underground museum salt industry. Tourist plot takes a couple of kilometers from the force.
Upon arrival at the destination we were met by one of the many headgears that are scattered on the Donbas, and the words "GP Artyomsol" over the entrance.
Tragically, despite the uniqueness and attractiveness of the industrial tourist site, get into it yourself is not as easy as we would like. While all phones, password and appearance have long been published on the Internet. First, to record on a tour to go through a quest. Priority is given to large groups. If you want to go alone, then about availability can be found only on the eve because you have to join the outgroup. Uncomfortable. But when recording once a large group, there are many problems. Need to be recorded in advance, as Weekend usually all busy for a month or two ahead. This will also need to advance in full prepayment is required. Second, the infrastructure around Soledar poorly developed. Public transport, for example, from Donetsk goes relatively rare, and journey takes time. In general, one can see that the tour here - it's a kind of spin-off activities that support in the lowest possible position, but do not actively develop. On the other hand, due to the fact that the facility is poorly developed for tourism and not promoted and tweaked as the same Polish Wieliczka, here you can see the authentic salt production, marketing and pristine tourist business.
From the first steps is felt that there is still a going concern, rather than developed tourist attraction :)
But descend into the mine just does not work :) First you need to sign for safety.
Now, finally, you can go down.
Descent to the tourist zone occurs through mine shaft 3-bis, which now serves as a vent.
Travel level is at a depth of 288 m Descent speed is 3, 75 m / s and in just fifteen minutes we find ourselves at the bottom. During descent, deafened.
Ruddvor and mine cages. Trunk itself almost the entire height of a lining of cast iron tubing.
Walls of salt. Vault of salt. Paul (vnezapno!) of salt too. This itself is a huge salt shaker, within which you can walk.
Salt deposits start to emerge 250 million years ago from the salt deposits of the shallow bay of the ancient sea, which was on the site of the present Soledar.
Walls and ceilings are covered with mines like waves - so unusual looks salt layer in cross section. Each layer was formed about 100 thousand years.
In the tourist area and Speleosanatorium can see a number of sculptures and bas-reliefs of salt, created by local craftsmen. For example, the patron of miners - Good Shubin. Letters AC - logo "Artyomsol».
Power (thickness) of the horizon at this point - more than 30 meters
The main entrance to the underground part speleosanatorium:
I otkovyryali couple of pieces of salt from the walls, and tasted - salt was tasty and clean. In general, however, say that the salt from the local field can be packaged in sacks almost immediately without purification.
Analogue palms Mertsalova also created from salt:
Our guide tells about the technology of salt production:
Entrance to the museum salt industry. Bricks around the door are made of salt crystals and have dynamic lighting, constantly changing color. In the museum we will not go - there is nothing particularly interesting there. A better look at what's inside speleosanatory.
Undress entrance speleosanatory:
Remains of the New Year:
The temperature in the workings resides within approximately 15 ° C.
Production located in an array of rock salt are completely dry. Water - the main problem of the salt deposit. If dry salt works do not require additional strengthening and beautifully maintained confining pressure, then in contact with water they start to deteriorate rapidly. So here waterproofing pay special meaning.
The beauty Soledar that here until well preserved traces of the real salt extraction: walls and arches carved with characteristic patterns of tunneling machines.
This is the deepest toilet I saw :)
Branch to stay patient. Trailers are for bed.
Another long to develop, which can not only relax, but also to spend time:
In one of the corners, you can find a table with chess and checkers:
So looking Sleeps:
There is literally everything :)
You can play table tennis:
Fans will be satisfied even Alla. Diva once descended to the local salt mine and since that memorable day were these pictures:
Well, the most epic - a camera 42 having a height of 27 m and 100 m in length.
Similar to it in size and filling the chamber 41 bis, which abuts the salt museum, more commonly known: it has been repeatedly held concert of the Symphony Orchestra, and in 2003 was recorded record listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the first underground in a balloon ballooning ( !). Well, at the usual time in the chamber 41 bis has a mini-cafe, sometimes hosts exhibitions, conferences, and it leads the tourists who do not attend speleosanatory (photo from nice-places.com).
to return to the chamber 42. On the walls and in the end noticeable characteristic knife marks the tunnel boring machine. The camera was developed by multiple layers of penetration from the top down. By the number of roundels in the end you can easily count the number of passes combine (two roundels = 1 pass).
So, for example, looks harvester Ural-20 COP (photo mishainik). Picture taken not Soledari, but the essence remains the same.
You can play football :)
In general, the visit is definitely worth Soledari.