Salt mines Soledar - one of the purest and oldest salt deposits in the world and the largest salt extraction in Europe. Today we will go to one of these mines, and learn if they are. Brief historical background
In 1880, near the village of Donbas Bryantsevka was discovered a large underground salt deposits. In the next year was put into operation the first mine began commercial production of rock salt. This event actually marked the beginning of the enterprise "Artёmsol" and the development of the current Soledar. Its current name, the company is named after FA Artem. Now SE "Artёmsol" - the largest business of production and sale of salt in Central and Eastern Europe: the products available in 22 countries around the world.
The company is capable of producing more than 7 million. Tons of salt per year. In Soviet times, "Artёmsol" makes up 40% of the country's total production of rock salt.
Extraction of salt Artyomovskoe deposit occurs at a depth of 200-300 m. For more than a hundred years to produce a system workings length of about 300 km, has produced more than 250 million. Tons of salt, void volume exceeded 110 million cubic meters. meters. Despite the large amount of excavation, currently designed only 3% salt, which is available in the field. So salt Soledar reserves will be enough for a long time.
In one of the exhaust openings located underground office speleosanatorium "Salt Symphony", which is the treatment of respiratory diseases. At the same time there may revitalizes to 100 people. It also conducted guided tours and there is even an underground museum salt industry. Tourist plot takes a couple of kilometers from the force.
Upon arrival at the destination we were met by one of the many headgears that are scattered on the Donbas, and the words "GP Artyomsol" above the entrance.
Tragically, despite the uniqueness and attractiveness of the industrial tourist site, get into it yourself is not as easy as we would like. While all phones, password and appearance have long been published on the Internet. Firstly, to burn on a trip to go through a quest. Priority is given to large groups. If you want to go alone, then about availability can be found only on the eve, as you'll have to join someone else's group. Uncomfortable. But when recording from a large group, there are many problems. Need to record in advance, because Weekend usually all booked up for a month or two in advance. It also needed to advance in full prepayment is required. Secondly, the infrastructure around Soledar poorly developed. Public transport, for example, from Donetsk goes relatively rare, and the drive takes a long time. In general, one can see that the tour here - it's a kind of spin-off activities, which is supported in the lowest possible condition, but is not actively developing. On the other hand, due to the fact that the object is poorly developed for tourism and not promoted and licked as the same Polish Wieliczka, here you can see the authentic salt mines, pristine marketing and tourism.
From the first steps is felt that there is still a going concern and not a developed tourist attraction :)
But to go down into the mine just does not work :) First you need to sign for safety.
Now, finally, you can go down.
Descent to the tourist zone occurs through the shaft 3 bis, which now serves as a vent.
Travel level is at a depth of 288 m. Descent speed is 3, 75 m / s, and in just a minute and a half we find ourselves at the bottom. During descent, deafened.
Ruddvor and mine cages. Trunk itself almost the entire height of a lining of iron tubing.
The walls are made of salt. A set of salt. Gender (at once!) Also made of salt. This itself is a huge salt shaker, within which you can walk.
Salt deposits start to emerge 250 million. Ago from salt deposits shallow bay of the ancient sea, which was on the site of the present Soledar.
Walls and ceilings are covered with mines like waves - so unusual looks salt layer in the section. Each layer was formed about 100 thousand. Years.
In the tourist area and Speleosanatorium can see a number of sculptures and bas-reliefs of salt, created by local craftsmen. Here, for example, the patron of miners - Good Shubin. The letters AC - logo "Artёmsoli».
Power (thickness) of the horizon at this point - more than 30 m.
The main entrance to the underground part speleosanatorium:
I otkovyryat couple of pieces of salt from the walls, and tasted - salt was tasty and clean. In general, however, say that the salt from the local field can be packaged in sacks almost immediately without purification.
Analogue palms Mertsalova also created from salt:
Our guide tells about the technology of salt production:
Entrance to the museum salt industry. Bricks around the door are made of salt crystals and have dynamic lighting is constantly changing color. In the museum we will not go - there is nothing particularly interesting there. It is better to see what's inside speleosanatory.
For show entrance speleosanatory:
Remains of the New Year:
The temperature in the mines is constantly in the range of about 15 ° C.
Production found in rock salt are completely dry. Water - the main problem of the salt deposit. If dry salt mines do not require additional strengthening and perfectly maintained confining pressure, then in contact with water, they begin to rapidly deteriorate. Therefore waterproofing here pay special meaning.
The beauty Soledar that here until well preserved traces from real production of salt: walls and arches carved with characteristic patterns of tunneling machines.
This is the deepest closet that I've seen :)
Branch to stay patient. Trailers are for bed.
Another long development, which can not only relax, but also to have a good time:
In one of the corners, you can find a table with chess and checkers:
So looking Sleeps:
There is literally everything :)
You can play table tennis:
Will be satisfied even fans of Alla. Once Diva went down to the local salt mine and since that memorable day were these pictures:
Salt in a cut:
Well, the most epic - a camera 42 having a height of 27 m and 100 m in length.
Similar to it in size and filling the chamber 41 bis, which abuts the salt museum, more commonly known: it has been repeatedly held concert of the Symphony Orchestra, and in 2003 was registered a record listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the first underground ballooning Ballooning ( !). Well, at the usual time in the chamber 41 bis operates a mini cafe, sometimes hosts exhibitions, conferences, and in her drive tourists who do not attend speleosanatory (photo from nice-places.com).
on return to the chamber 42 on the walls and in the end noticeable characteristic traces of incisors tunnel boring machine. The camera was developed by multiple layers of penetration from the top down. By the number of roundels in the end you can easily count the number of passes of the combine (two roundels = 1 pass).
And so, for example, looks harvester Ural-20 COP (photo mishainik). Picture taken not Soledari, but the essence remains the same.
You can play football :)
In general, the visit is definitely worth Soledari.