It's amazing how simple Russian citizens willing to follow the historical myths. If you ask any man today: "When did the Russian alphabet?", You will certainly be followed by the answer:
"Cyril and Methodius created the first Russian alphabet." It is from here and stems common judgment that until the aforementioned Greek missionaries in Russia reigned the darkness of ignorance and illiteracy. How would probably be offended our ancestors to learn that their descendants so think of them and their time.
It seems very frightening that such a historical absurdity is taught in our schools, colleges and institutes. Unfortunately, not all teachers of literature and Russian know what has long been known to scientists: historians and linguists. Latest know that history writing Slavs goes back thousands of years. For example, the same ancient Greek alphabet comes from the Sanskrit root general, when many languages are Indo-European peoples not yet so different. Generally, by and large, almost all the peoples living in the territory of modern Europe (and not only in Europe) had its own alphabet even 3000 years ago, for every nation has always been and always devoted \ priests, who have the knowledge, including naturally and skills in recording and storing information about the history of his tribe \ people.
Most people still at school made clear: our ancestors were ignorant and miserable, and that we, their descendants, are able to write - the merit of the above two missionaries; We hasten to bring you good news: it is ossified statement - complete nonsense. Long before his visit to Russia Cyril and Methodius ancient Slavs already recorded the history of their tribes and peoples. The art of writing first possessed not only dedicated, or, as they are now called, the priests. Long before the adoption of Christianity in the ancient Slavs were literate at 100 (!) Percent. This is evidenced by the numerous letters of pre-Christian times, found during excavations. Everyone knew in those days of simple arithmetic, could write on birch bark let her short, but sensible and coherent message and even send it to the address. And not only were literate citizens: in the villages hierarchs communities or "nymphs", are also taught the children the alphabet. And since ancient Slavs lived communal system, any child, whether handicraft, farm or princely origin, had the opportunity to learn in elementary school.
Before Baptism in Russia conventionally used so-called "velesovitsa." The name is given conditionally, already in the 20th century by the name of the god Veles. Learned historian known fact that in ancient times in Russia was almost 100% literacy, namely: Numerous excavations (birch bark, dating from pre-Christian period) confirm the fact that virtually every citizen - 1) with the tools simple arithmetic account; 2) able to write on birch bark (albeit primitive and short) domestic message; and 3) by means of the then "mail" to send it to the address. Not only in cities but also in villages many children "nymphs" (bishops communities) taught elementary literacy needed in everyday life. Such a sufficiently high level of literacy among the ancient Slavs facilitated by the fact that they lived communal system, providing mutual support of each; they had no feudal property stratification, were not poor. And because every child, regardless of the peasant, artisan or princely origin, if desired, had the opportunity to get a "primary education».
It is this ancient Russian alphabet was written the famous "Veles book". At the end of the 9th century Novgorod Magi rewrote it with the more ancient sources, reveals the history of the Slavic peoples, which takes three and a half thousand years in the past, starting with the time that there was a division of Indo-European peoples.
Let us turn to the most famous source - a "Complete Collection of Russian Chronicles."