Author photos and text: Sergeydolya
Have you ever seen a real bio-robots? Working models? I have seen. In China. At the factory for the production of headphones. They sit at the tables and make dozens of identical operations per minute. Their brain off. Their hands are moving at lightning speed along a predetermined path. Their fingers convulsively clenched and unclenched in extreme positions. Minute by minute. Hour after hour. Day by day. Year after year ... Every morning I took away from the hotel once the manufacturer and takes to his factory. Depending on the "steepness" of his company takes several buildings to small room with a couple of workers. The first factory was producing headphones.
On the ground floor there is heavy machinery, dies plastic parts headphones. Every 20 seconds in the oven baked another item. The operator pulls it cuts the excess pieces of plastic and folds neatly in layers in the box:
Here is a warehouse with equipment - special molds, allowing to obtain the details of the relevant type of plastic. Each earphone - its shape. Accordingly, for each model needs its own accessories:
Upstairs is the production itself. Along the long pipeline workers sitting at the tables. Each of them is responsible for any minor surgery. He takes a passing semi-finished product, doing his actions and sends it to the way forward:
Basically the tables sit young girls aged 18 to 25 years. The hostess explained that they are more diligent, do not drink and do not fight:
Finished products piled in boxes:
This machine produces miles of wire headphone:
Finished first wire is stored in a bucket:
And then cut into short pieces of the desired length:
Workers have a counter that they press after each operation. Salary depends on the performance, and all are struggling:
Paint shop is separated from the rest of the production of heavy doors. Inside, all work in respirators or gauze bandages:
Small headphones are laid out on special trays:
They are painted in bulk, and then pull out their work and spread layers of cardboard boxes, paving the paper yesterday:
After painting a decorative metal inserts glued rings:
Wear silicone lining:
At the end of 100% production tested using special equipment. If the frequency characteristics do not coincide with the ideal, the headphones come back on the conveyor:
Before each shop shelves with cups worth. Drink in production is prohibited. Every two hours declared a break, and workers can regain its water balance in the stairwell:
Dinner all in the local dining. Each has its own dishes, which he washes after meal:
Spend the night working in a nearby hostel:
Our Factory Owner said that pays workers 10 000 rubles per month, despite the fact that the minimum wage in China is 6,000 rubles a month. Many other factories where we were in the following days, pay workers Minimal. The working day lasts 10 hours. For processing the owners are forced to pay wages at double the rate. Over the past 10 years, wages in China increased 10 times.
We often write that China is practically affected by the crisis. Judging by the reviews of manufacturers - it is not. All of them were called about the same numbers. About 30% of factories have gone bankrupt. The decline in production in the rest of the range from 40% to 70%. Before the crisis in the country was a labor shortage, but now this is no problem.
Next manufacturer came after us in a taxi. Introduced coolest manufacturer of computer mice and owner of a major trading house, which occupies almost 30% of the Chinese electronics market. Factory size it was little more than a classroom. Stood alone in the middle of the assembly line, and the rest of the space was used as a warehouse:
All the furniture in the office of "president" for some reason, was glued price lists and inventory numbers. The impression that I talk to some crook, whose company is on the verge of financial collapse, and he by any means trying to find though any unsuspecting customers who are ready to transfer him to an advance payment.
A few hard workers created the appearance of feverish activity:
Last factory of webcams pleasantly surprised. Here I was asked to put on shoe covers, and some shops are not allowed without the robe. On the wall was a poster should look like a model worker:
Before the start of production of all materials tested the ad hoc group for the presence of harmful impurities and quality:
The plant itself is much more cleaner and the previous two:
As in the previous plants, the age of some employees too reminiscent of Soviet propaganda criticizing foreign countries for labor exploitation of minors:
Each webcam is tested and tuned to the sharpness on the special multi-colored grid: