The greatest invention of the Mayan calendar was. The basis of the Mayan calendar was put mythical starting date - August 13, 3113 BC.
From her something by simply counting the number of days elapsed and was conducted chronology. The Mayan calendar, despite its antiquity, amazingly accurate.
According to current estimates, the length of the solar year of 365 days in 2422. Maya calculated the value of 365, 2420 days. The difference - just two decimal. To compile such a precise calendar, according to scientists, it would observe and record the movements of the planets during the approximately ten thousand years, reports The Portal Seo-labs.
Mayan priests say that since the creation of the human race has passed for four cycles, or "Sun". According to Mayan legend, each cycle ends almost complete destruction of civilization that lived in this cycle. Replacement of the four races of man who died during the great cataclysm. And only a few people left alive, telling about what happened.
"First Sun" lasted 4008 years and was destroyed by earthquakes. "Second Sun" lasted 4010 years and was destroyed by hurricanes. "Third Sun" lasted 4081 years and fell under a rain of fire, spilled from the huge volcanic crater. "Fourth Sun" (5026 years) destroyed the flood.
Now we live in the last Katun fifth era of the Creation, or "Fifth Sun". It is known also as the "Sun Movement". Maya believed that at the end of the current 5126-year cycle will occur a movement of the Earth, which would entail the destruction of our civilization.
The most interesting is that on December 21, 2012 will be the parade of planets. Saturn, Jupiter, Mars and Earth line up in one line. Actually these parades planets were before. What is the difference between a parade of planets December 21, 2012 from the previous ones? The fact is that in this day line up not only the planets, but planets of other star systems, forming a line from the center of the galaxy. And it is quite another matter. The process can be compared with the clock when the clock faces to 12 o'clock. This combination will mean a transition of the universe from one system to another.
Based on different beliefs and scientific assumptions, to 2020 on Earth at least 12 predicts apocalypse. The impressive list of promises that cataclysms will begin in 2008, and, if lucky, the Earth will stretch until 2020 th.
The year 2008 - will fall to Earth asteroid with a diameter of more than 800 m.
2009 - based on the racshifrovok Centuries of Nostradamus Peter Laurie, come Armageddon.
2010-th - run out of oil, and the world will swallow a war for resources. Another promise that the Earth turns away from the sun. But it will be "temporary" end of the world.
2011 th - the end of the Mayan calendar cycle. Enough common date on which, according to various beliefs, held end of the world. Perhaps an asteroid collision will happen in 2005 YU55.
2012-th - is also a long-awaited end of the world according to the Mayan calendar. Children Board to prepare, from 0, 5% of the population have a chance to survive.
2013th - Ragnarok, aka Doomsday. Day start and end! Hyperspace in the fourth dimension. For mortals it is death, but for the gods - the birth.
2014 th - astrophysicists say that our solar system gets a cloud of space dust that sweeps away everything in its path. Dull end of the world.
2015-th - the end of the 9576-year cycle, which leads to the death of civilization.
2016 th - James Hansen, a climate researcher condition on Earth, claims that this year will melt glaciers and most of the land would be flooded.
2017 th - doomsday for the hierarchical theory of catastrophes.
2018 th - nuclear war on the same Nostradamus.
2019 th - banal encounter with asteroid 2002 NT7.
2020 th - Isaac Newton, based on the predictions of St. John the Theologian, has calculated that the end of the world will be in this year.