Cathedral of the Holy Family (La Sagrada Familial) (51 photos + panorama)

Of course you have everything and know everything about this Cathedral. Read about its history and looked at from different angles. But to both the surround information, this magnificent virtual flight over Barcelona and the structure (s zaletom inside), you can watch and participate in it by clicking on the image at the beginning of Lent, I will remind you a little more information and photos about it. Barcelona - mysterious and bold city in Spain, a symbol of Catalan culture and contemporary art, strangely combining avtentiku and neo-gothic zealously defend their traditions and boldly challenging established views ... The capital of Catalonia is probably the biggest tourist attraction in Europe, offering visitors not only a rich selection attractions.

From the magnificent Montjuic to the National Palace, Museum of Art, "Spanish Village" and the Magic Fountain to the legendary "Barcelona Gaudi", this city knows how to enchant and amaze imagination. It is an outstanding work of Catalan architect, a bright spot soaring over the whole history of art, turned into a mecca of Barcelona artists and designers from around the world. Bizarre lights on the Royal Square and fantastic images of the estate of Count Guell (now the estate is a local university library) and surprise today at least on the day of its creation, and the palace near the Ramblas, Casa Vicens, Casa Batllo and Casa Mila equal footing with the Park Guell are part of world heritage by UNESCO. But the main character in many ways contradictory and still unsolved genius - this is definitely the Sagrada Familia, the legendary Sagrada Familia.

"Either man playing God, creating such masterpieces, whether God plays a man born in his mind such ideas," - said one of the researchers of Antonio Gaudi, frozen in a daze near the Sagrada Familia. For the construction of this temple has been allocated free land, which was to coin a few kilometers from the city. The project of the church was designed by architect Francesco del Villar. Lpan architect consisted in the construction of a church in neo-Gothic style, however, he managed to build up over a crypt apse. After him, in 1891 the head of the project was made by Antoni Gaudí, who, strangely enough, has never been a particularly religious, so still remains a mystery why the construction was entrusted to him. However, Antonio Gaudi undertook the project with all the zeal and has made significant changes in its original design. In '43 Sagrada Familia has become the meaning of his life, an architect devoted his creation all the time, he even lived in it.

Sagrada Familia - bold attempt at nearly godless XX century has repeated on a new level of consciousness classical building of the Catholic Middle Ages, such as Milan and Cologne Cathedral. Gaudí himself understood that he could not live up to the dream come true. The cathedral was built for centuries - it is only Sophia in Constantinople and the Church of Christ the Savior in Moscow, built in the five years since they worked as a whole system. In the western civil society, which count every penny, this does not pass. Besides the Sagrada Familia was originally built only on private donations. A Gaudi in this regard was ironic, saying, "My client is in no hurry," referring to God.

Sagrada Familia built by the Gothic canons, but Gaudi in this form has made its own unique content. Gaudi - a mixture of mathematics and mysticism. It is up to the limit of his creation saturated the Christian symbols, sometimes to the point of paranoia. The Council must have three facades (the Nativity, the Passion and the Resurrection) and four towers on each side - it turns 12, according to the number of the Apostles, and their height should be 100 meters. Currently, only four of them rose up (one in the life of Gaudí, the other three - in the years 1926-1936, under the guidance of one of his assistants). Another planned 4 towers dedicated to the evangelists (they are higher than the previous 12), the tower of the Virgin Mary (even higher), and, finally, a central tower with a giant cross of Jesus is to be 170 meters high, which is a meter below the hill of Montjuic - according to Gaudi You can not lay claim to a height greater than that implied by God. Four Evangelists bell tower should be crowned with symbolic figures - the bull (Saint Luke), a winged man (St. Matthew), the eagle (St John) and the lion (Saint Mark). As for the fine details of the structure, they are unique - Gaudi did not recognize any of the canons of classic and boldly set their standards.

Facade of the Nativity, completed during the life of Gaudi, full of pretty surreal sculptures of the Holy Family, angels, birds, fungi, plants and animals. Under the columns of the facade - figure turtle, which are symbols of Joseph and Mary. The main portal is designed as a palm trunk, twined ribbons ancestors of Jesus, and the doors of the portico of the internal display Christian precepts. The second of the Passion facade, opposite to the first, should, on the contrary, to talk about the death of Jesus on the Cross. There's a 50s working sculptor Josep Maria Subirachs. His creations have many controversial and unpleasant, considered a perversion, but to make up their own opinion, you need to look at it personally ... The idea of ​​building a new church in 1882, came to mind the conservative wing of the Catholic community (Josephites), who believed that the Barcelona mired in sin and decadence, and that citizens need a new place where they could repent. To do this, they chose the most unprestigious portion of the then Barcelona - a vacant lot that was used for grazing goats. Construction was interrupted several times due to lack of funds. In fact, in the mid 20-ies funds for the construction of the cathedral was over, and he lived as a hermit Gaudi directly in an unfinished church. June 7, 1926, Gaudí was hit by a tram, returning from the construction site and on zasmotrevshis silhouette of the cathedral. He died three days later of severe agony in a hospital for the poor - none of the doctors and passers-by did not recognize in him the architect Sagrada Familia.


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