Rare fish in the deep sea (10 photos)

In the middle of the last century, began to actively explore the underwater world. At the bottom of the ocean inhabited by millions of different species, many of which are still not known to us.
See a selection of rare fish, which turned out to discover humanity.
Also see:
The inhabitants of the underwater world (51 photos)
Underwater Zoo amazing creatures in Indonesia (28 photos)



 
1. Ambon scorpionfish (born Ambon Scorpionfish, Lat. Pteroidichthys amboinensis).



Opened in 1856. Easily recognizable by the huge "eyebrows" - specific build-up over his eyes. Knows how to change the color and shedding. Waging a "guerrilla" hunt - masquerading on the bottom and waiting for prey. It is not uncommon and is quite well understood, but its extravagant appearance simply can not fail to note! (Roger Steene / Conservation International)

2. Psychedelic fish-frog (English Psychedelic Frogfish, Lat. Histiophryne psychedelica).



Opened in 2009. A very unusual fish - tail fin is bent to the side, and the pectoral fins are modified similar to the legs of land animals. The head is large, widely spaced eyes directed forward, like in vertebrates, so the fish is a kind of "face." Color yellow or reddish fish with sinuous white and blue stripes radiating in all directions from the eyes of blue. Unlike other fish that swim, this kind of moves like jumping, pushing off from the bottom of the pectoral fins and pushing water out of the gill slits, creating a jet thrust. Fish tail bent to the side and not directly guide the movement of the body, because it varies from side to side. Also, the fish can crawl along the bottom with the pectoral fins, turning them as legs. (David Hall / EOL Rapid Response Team)

3. Picker (English Leafy Seadragon, Lat. Phycodurus eques).



It was opened in 1865. The representatives of this species are unique in that all of their body and head are covered with spikes, simulating algal thalli. Although these processes and the like fins at sea, they do not take part, serve to disguise (as in the hunt for shrimp and for protection from enemies). It lives in the waters of the Indian Ocean surrounding the southern, south-eastern and south-western Australia, as well as northern and eastern Tasmania. It feeds on plankton, small shrimp, algae. Lacking teeth, swallowing food whole picker. (Lecates / Flickr)

4. Moon-Fish (born Ocean Sunfish, Lat. Mola mola).



Opened in 1758. Laterally compressed body is extremely high and short, which makes the fish is very strange sight: it resembles the shape of a disc. The tail is very short, broad and truncated, dorsal, caudal and anal fins are connected. The skin of fish-moon is thick and elastic, covered with small bony tubercles. Often you can see the moon-fish lying on its side on the surface of the water. Adult amusement fish - a very poor swimmer, unable to overcome the strong current. It feeds on plankton and squid, eel larvae and salps, comb jellies and jellyfish. Can reach gigantic size of several tens of meters and weigh 1.5 tons. (Franco Banfi)

5. Broad-nosed chimera (born Broadnose chimaera, Lat. Rhinochimaera atlantica).



Opened in 1909. Absolutely disgusting-looking jelly fish. It lives deep in the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean and feeds on shellfish. Very poorly studied. (Jay Burnett, NOAA / NMFS / NEFSC)

6. Plaschenosets (born Frilled Shark, Lat. Chlamydoselachus anguineus).



It was opened in 1884. These sharks looks much more like a strange sea snake or eel than their closest relatives. Do frilled shark gill openings, of which there are six on each side, covered with skin folds. In this case, the membrane of the first gill slit the throat of fish and cross connected to each other, forming a broad blade skin. Along with the shark-house-is one of the rarest sharks in the world. We know no more than hundreds of copies of these fish. They have been studied very poorly. (Awashima Marine Park / Getty Images)

7. Indonesian coelacanth (born Indonesian Coelacanth, Lat. Latimeria menadoensis).



Opened in 1999. Living fossil and is probably the oldest fish in the world. Prior to the opening of the first representative squad tselikantov to which the coelacanth, it was considered completely extinct. Time of divergence of the two species of modern coelacanth is 30-40 million years old. In the living form is not caught more than a dozen. (Pearson - Benjamin Cummings)

8. Tons monkfish (English Hairy Angler, Lat. Caulophryne polynema).



It was opened in 1930. Very strange and scary fish that live in the deep bottom, where there is no sunlight - 1 km or more. To lure the inhabitants of the deep sea uses a special glowing lump on his forehead, the whole detachment characteristic udilschikoobraznyh. Due to the special metabolism and extremely sharp teeth, he can eat anything that gets in, even if the victim several times more, and is also a predator. Propagated by no less strange than it looks and eats - because of unusually harsh conditions and scarcity of fish, male (ten times lower for females) is attached to the flesh of his chosen and passes through all the necessary blood. (BBC)

9. Fish-drop (English Blobfish, Lat. Psychrolutes marcidus).



Opened in 1926. Often mistaken for a joke. In fact, it's quite real kind of deep-sea benthic fish of the family psihrolyutovyh, which on the surface become "jelly" look with a "sad look". Poorly understood, but it is enough to recognize it as one of the most bizarre. In the photo - a copy of the Australian Museum. (Kerryn Parkinson / Australian Museum)

10. Smallmouth makropinna (English, Lat. Macropinna microstoma) - winner for quirkiness.



Opened in 1939. Occurs in very deep water, so little studied. In particular, it is not clear was the principle of the fish. It was believed that she must be very great difficulties due to the fact that she only sees up. Only in 2009 was fully study the structure of the eye of the fish. Apparently, when trying to study it before the fish just could not stand the pressure change. The most notable feature of this type is a transparent dome-shaped shell that covers her head on the top and on the sides, and a large, usually upward, eyes cylindrical shapes that are below this shell. Thick and flexible sheath covering the scales attached to the back of the back and on the sides - a broad and transparent okologlaznyh bones that protect your eyes. This coating structure is normally lost (or at least greatly damaged) when the rise of fishes on the surface of the trawl nets and so on until the last time its existence was known. By covering the shell is filled with a clear liquid chamber in which, in fact, there are fish eyes, the eyes of live fish are colored bright green and separated by a thin bony septum, which extends the back, expands and holds the brain. In front of each eye, but the back of the mouth, there is a large round pocket that contains the olfactory receptor socket. That is something that at first glance the photographs of live fish eyes seem, in fact, is the olfactory organ. Green color is caused by the presence of a specific yellow pigment. It is believed that this pigment provides a special filtering the light coming from above, and lowers its brightness, which allows the fish to distinguish between the bioluminescence potential prey. (Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute)

Source: bigpicture.ru
  • Sea, a rare fish, fish